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KARNATAKA CERTAIN INAMS ABOLITION ACT, 1977: ss. 4 (2) (b) and 10 – Abolition of Inams – Inamdar regranted the land – Erstwhile mortgagee claiming the mortgage to have been revived consequently – Held: High Court was not justified in concluding that s. 43 of Transfer of Property Act is relevant – Neither s. 43 of TP Act nor s. 10 of Karnataka Act has application to the facts of the case -Matter remitted to High Court for consideration afresh – Transfer of Property Act, 1882 – s. 43 – Doctrine of feeding the estoppel. A religious institution, namely, Kannada Mutt, was granted certain Jagir lands. Upon abolition of Inams by virtue of Karnataka Certain Inams Abolition Act, 1977, the lands stood vested with the State Government. However, the appellant being the Matadhisathi of the Mutt was allowed re- grant of the land. The respondents, who were the erstwhile mortgagees, claimed possession of the land in question contending that by virtue of order of re-grant in favour of the appellant, the earlier mortgage was revived and possession of the land could not be granted to the appellant. When the matter reached the Division Bench of the High Court in writ appeals, it held that s. 43 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882 was applicable. Aggrieved, the Mathadhipati filed the appeals. = Allowing the appeals, the Court HELD: 1.1 A bare reading of s.4 of the Karnataka Certain Inams Abolition Act, 1977 makes it clear that notwithstanding any contract, all Inam tenures stood abolished and the consequences were the passing of the rights, title and interests as provided in s.4(2)(b). Section 10 of the Act has no application to the facts of the case. [para 6-7] [ 442-E, F; 443-B] Syed Bhasheer Ahamed and Ors. V. State of Karnataka ILR 1994 Kar 159 – distinguished. 1.2 The sine quo non for application of s.43 is that at the initial stage the person should have fraudulently or erroneously represented that he is authorized to transfer certain immovable property or professes to transfer such property for consideration. Only then the question of option of the transferee arises in case the transferor acquires any interest in the property at any time during which the contract of transfer subsists. Therefore, the High Court was not justified in concluding that s.43 is relevant. [para 6] [ 442-G, H; 443-A] 2. Without expressing any opinion about the acceptability of any stand taken by the respondents, the judgment of the High Court is set aside and the matter is remitted to it for consideration afresh. It is made clear that the issue relating to applicability of s.43 stands closed. [para 8] [444-B, C] Case Law Reference ILR 1994 Kar 159 distinguished para 6 CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION : Civil Appeal Nos. 1040-1053 of 2009 From the Judgement and Order dated 12.09.2007 of the Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka at Bangalore in W.A. No. 1936-40 & 1941-45 of 2005 Rama Jois, G.V. Chandrshekar, N.K. Verma, Anjana, Chandrashekar, for the Appellant. A.K. Subbaiah, S.J. Amith, Aparna Bhat, Kiran Suri, Sanjay R. Hegde, for the Respondent.

Karnataka High Court, in Bangalore (India).

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 REPORTABLE

 IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

 CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION

 CIVIL APPEAL NOS. 1040-1053 OF 2009
 (Arising out of SLP (C) Nos. 3733-3746 of 2008)

Ni. Pra Channabasava D.S. Matadhipathigalu ..Appellant
Kannada Mutt

 Versus

C.P. Kaveeramma and Ors. ..Respondents

 JUDGMENT

Dr. ARIJIT PASAYAT, J.

1. Leave granted.

2. Challenge in these appeals is to the judgment of a Division Bench of

the Karnataka High Court dismissing the Writ Appeal Nos. 1936-40/2005

and 1941-48/2005 filed by the appellant while allowing the Writ Appeal

No.2202/2005 filed by the respondents.

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3. The controversy lies within a very narrow compass.

 The appellant claims to be the Mathadhipati of the religious

institution called Kannada Muth. The dispute relates to certain lands which

were granted as Jagir lands by the ruler of Koorg in 1809. The lands were

allotted in favour of the predecessor of the respondents. The lands were

Inam lands and the Imams stood abolished on the enactment of Karnataka

Certain Inams Abolition Act, 1977 (in short the `Act'). Upon abolition of

Inams, the lands stood vested with the State free from encumbrances. Since

the Act is one of agrarian reform and the purpose of the Act is to benefit the

original holders of the land, the holders i.e. Inamdars or their tenants were

given right to claim re-grant of the land. An application was made by the

institution for re-grant of the land under the Act. The respondents namely

the erstwhile mortgagees also sought for re-grant of the land. Their claim

was rejected and the land was granted in favour of the Mathadhipati by the

competent authority and the same was affirmed by the Division Bench of

the High Court. Since the occupancy certificate was not being granted, the

appellant filed a Writ Petition in the nature of writ of mandamus and

subsequently occupancy certificate was granted. Appellant claimed that he

 2
was put in possession by the competent authority under the Act. The

respondents claimed that by virtue of the order of re-grant in favour of the

appellant, the earlier mortgage was revived and Tahsildar had no

jurisdiction to deliver possession to the appellant. The order of the Tahsildar

for delivery of possession was quashed.

 There was an order of remand passed by a learned Single Judge

which was questioned by the respondents. The Writ Appeals were filed by

the appellant on the ground that the scope and ambit of Section 4 of the Act

has not been considered. Learned Single Judge found that the Tahsildar had

not properly conducted enquiry and set aside the impugned order and

remanded the matter to the Tahsildar for fresh enquiry. Learned Single

Judge further directed that the respondents 1 to 5 should be re-inducted to

possession of the land subject to final result of the enquiry. The present

appellant aggrieved by the order of the learned Single Judge filed separate

Writ Appeals. Similarly, the respondents also filed Writ Appeal questioning

the order of remand.

 3
 The Division Bench with reference to Section 43 of the Transfer of

Property Act, 1882 (in short the `TP Act') held that the said provision has

application.

4. Learned counsel for the appellant contended that Section 43 does not

apply and respondents 1 to 5 cannot canvas the doctrine of feeding the grant

by estoppel. According to him, their stand was that Section 43 has no

application to the facts of the case because the primary requisite of fraud or

erroneous representation which is essential ingredient for invoking Section

43 is absent. The High Court held that Section 4(2)(b) does not expressly

or impliedly provide that after re-grant the encumbrance created would not

get revived. Under the said provision the land after passing of the Act shall

stand vested in the State Government free from all encumbrances and the

transferees cannot enforce their contractual rights against the Government.

The High Court felt that Section 4(2)(b) is silent with regard to contractual

rights of the alienee after re-grant in respect of alienation validly created

prior to vesting in favour of the Government. Therefore, with reference to

Section 43 of the TP Act it was held that it is clearly applicable to the facts

of the case. Accordingly, as noted above Writ Appeals filed by the appellant

were dismissed while that filed by the respondents was allowed.

 4
5. Section 4 of the Act and Section 43 of TP Act read as follows:

 "Section 4- Abolition, vesting of Imams and the consequences
 thereof: (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any
 contract, grant or other instrument or in any decree or order of
 Court or in any other law for the time being in force, with
 effect from and on the appointed date, the inam tenure of all
 imams and minor imams to which this Act applies under
 Section 2 shall stand abolished.

 (2) Save as otherwise expressly provided, in this Act with
 effect from and on the appointed date, the following
 consequences shall ensue, namely:

 (a) The provisions of the Act relating to imams of alienated
 holdings shall be deemed to have been repealed in their
 application to inam or alienated holding and the provisions of
 Act and all other enactments applicable to unalienated villages
 or lands shall apply to the said imams or alienated holding;

 (b) all rights, title and interests vesting in the inamdar
 including those in all communal lands, cultivated lands,
 uncultivated lands, whether assessed or not waste lands,
 pasture lands, forests, mines and minerals, quarries, rivers and
 streams, tanks and irrigation works, fisheries and ferries shall
 cease and be vested absolutely in the State Government, free
 from all encumbrances.

 (c) the inamdar shall cease to have any interest in the inam
 other than interests expressly saved by or under the provisions
 of this Act ;

 (d) all land revenue including the cesses and royalties accruing
 in respect of lands comprised in such inam villages or minor
 inams on or after the date of vesting shall be paid to the State
 Government and not to the inamdar and any payment made in
 contravention of this clause shall not be valid ;

 5
(e) all arrears of land revenue, whether as jodi or quit rent and
cesses remaining lawfully due on the date of vesting in respect
of any such inam village or minor inam shall, after such date
continue to be recovered from the inamdar by whom they were
payable and may, without prejudice to any other mode of
recovery, be realised by the deduction of the amount of such
arrears and cesses from the amount payable to such inamdar
under this Act;

(f) no such inam shall be liable to attachment in execution of
any decree or other process of any court and any attachment
existing, on the date of vesting or any other order for
attachment passed before such date in respect of such inam
village or minor inam shall cease to be in force ;

 (g) the State Government may, after removing any obstruction
that may be offered, forthwith take possession of the inam and
all accounts, registers, pattas, muchalikas, maps, plans and
other documents relating to the inam which the State
Government may require for the administration thereof;

(h) the inamdar whose rights have vested in the State
Government under clause (b) shall be entitled only to such
amount from the State Government as provided in this Act ;

(i) the relationship of a superior holder and inferior holder
shall, as between the inamdar and the holder of a minor inam,
be extinguished ;

(j) the tenants in the inam and persons holding under them and
holders of minor inams shall, as against the State Government,
be entitled only to such rights and privileges and be subject to
such conditions as are provided for by or under the Karnataka
Land Reforms Act, 1961 and any other rights and privileges
which may have accrued to them in the inam before the date of
vesting against the inamdar shall cease and determine and shall
not be enforceable against the State Government or such
inamdar.

 6
 43. Transfer by unauthorised person who subsequently
 acquires interest in property transferred-

 Where a person fraudulently or erroneously represents that he
 is authorised to transfer certain immovable property and
 professes to transfer such property for consideration, such
 transfer shall, at the option of the transferee, operate on any
 interest which the transferor may acquire in such property at
 any time during which the contract of transfer subsists.
 Nothing in this section shall impair the right of
 transferees in good faith for consideration without notice of the
 existence of the said option."

6. A bare reading of Section 4 makes it clear that notwithstanding any

contract the Inam tenure of all imams and minor imams stood abolished and

the consequences were the passing of the rights, title and interests as

provided in Section 4(2)(b). The High Court referred to Full Bench decision

of the High Court in Syed Bhasheer Ahamed and Ors. V. State of Karnataka

(ILR 1994 Kar 159). It is to be noted that the factual scenario of that case

was entirely different and it has no application to the facts of the present

case. The sine quo non for application of Section 43 is that at the initial

stage the person should have fraudulently or erroneously represented that

he is authorized to transfer certain immovable property or professes to

transfer such property for consideration. Only if this pre-condition is

 7
satisfied, the question of option of the transferee arises in case the transferor

acquires any interest in the property at any time during which the contract of

transfer subsists. Therefore, the High Court was not justified in concluding

Section 43 is relevant.

7. Learned counsel for the respondents on the other hand submitted that

even if Section 43 has no application, Section 10 of the Act would take care

of the situation. We find that Section 10 has really no application to the

facts of the case. The same reads as follows:

 "10. Saving of right in certain cases.- (1) Where before the
 appointed date an inamdar has created any right in any land
 which vests in the State Government, other than land registered
 under section 5 including rights in any mines or minerals,
 quarries, fisheries, ferries or forest, the transactions shall be
 deemed to be valid and all rights and obligations arising
 thereunder on or after the appointed date be enforceable by or
 against the State Government :

 Provided that the transaction was not void or illegal
 under any law in force at the time :

 Provided further that where such right was created in any
 land, unless it relates to lands registered under section 5, the
 State Government may, if in its opinion, it is in the public
 interest to do so, by notice given to the person concerned,
 terminate the right with effect from such date as may be
 specified in the notice, not being earlier than three months from
 the date thereof.

 8
 (2) The person, whose right has been terminated by the State
 Government under the foregoing proviso, shall be entitled to an
 amount from the State Government equal to the estimated net
 income of such person from the land for the unexpired portion
 of the period for which the right was created, having regard to
 all the circumstances of the case.

 (3) Any right or privilege exercised or enjoyed by any person in
 respect of uncultivated jamma lands immediately before the
 appointed date shall, notwithstanding anything in this Act and
 until other provision is made in this behalf, continue to be
 exercised or enjoyed."

8. It is submitted by learned counsel for the respondents that apart from

Section 43 of TP Act and Section 4(2)(b) of the Act, the respondents had

made other submissions which were not considered by the High Court, in

view of its conclusions about applicability of Section 4(2)(b) and/or Section

43 of the T.P. Act in the instant case. Without expressing any opinion about

the acceptability of any such stand we think it proper to set aside the

impugned judgment and remand the matter to the High Court for fresh

consideration. It is made clear that the issue relating to applicability of

Section 43 stands closed by virtue of this judgment.

 9
9. The appeals are allowed.

 ..........................................J.
 (Dr. ARIJIT PASAYAT)

 ..........................................J.
 (Dr. MUKUNDAKAM SHARMA)
New Delhi,
February 13, 2009 10

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