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supervision services for implementing the law over the govt.=the Court has been monitoring the implementation of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 (for short `the Act’). The Court has already passed several orders for constitution of Juvenile Justice Boards under Section 4 of the Act and Child Welfare Committees under Section 29 of the Act in different States and Union Territories

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 IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

 CIVIL ORIGINAL JURISDICTION

 WRIT PETITION (CIVIL) NO. 473 OF 2005

Sampurna Behura .....Petitioner

 Versus

Union of India and Others .....Respondents 

 O R D E R 

 In this Writ Petition under Article 32 of the 

Constitution, the Court has been monitoring the 

implementation of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection 

of Children) Act, 2000 (for short `the Act'). The Court has 

already passed several orders for constitution of Juvenile 

Justice Boards under Section 4 of the Act and Child Welfare 

Committees under Section 29 of the Act in different States 

and Union Territories and most of the States and Union 

Territories have taken steps to constitute the Juvenile 

Justice Boards and the Child Welfare Committees. As there 

were complaints that in many districts Child Welfare 

Committees were not operational or functional and even 

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Juvenile Justice Boards had not been constituted in the 

manner provided in the Act, in our order dated 19.08.2011 

we have requested the State Legal Services Authorities to 

coordinate with the respective Child Welfare Department of 

the States to ensure that the Juvenile Justice Boards and 

Child Welfare Committees are established and are 

functional with the required facilities. 

2. We think that we must now monitor the 

implementation of the provisions of the Act relating to 

Special Juvenile Police Unit. Section 63 of the Act is quoted 

hereinbelow:

 "63. Special juvenile police unit.- (1) In order 

 to enable the police officers who frequently or 

 exclusively deal with juveniles or are primarily 

 engaged in the prevention of juvenile crime or 

 handling of the juveniles or children under this 

 Act to perform their functions more effectively, 

 they shall be specially instructed and trained. 

 (2) In every police station at least one officer 

 with aptitude and appropriate training and 

 orientation may be designated as the 'juvenile or 

 the child welfare officer' who will handle the 

 juvenile or the child in co-ordination with the 

 police. 

 (3) Special juvenile police unit, of which all 

 police officers designated as above, to handle 

 juveniles or children will be members, may be 

 created in every district and city to co-ordinate 

 and to upgrade the police treatment of the 

 juveniles and the children."

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3. The Home Departments and the Director Generals of 

Police of the States/Union Territories will ensure that at 

least one police officer in every police station with aptitude 

is given appropriate training and orientation and designated 

as Juvenile or Child Welfare Officer, who will handle the 

juvenile or child in coordination with the police as provided 

under sub-section (2) of Section 63 of the Act. The required 

training will be provided by the District Legal Services 

Authorities under the guidance of the State Legal Services 

Authorities and Secretary, National Legal Services 

Authoritiy will issue appropriate guidelines to the State 

Legal Services Authorities for training and orientation of 

police officers, who are designated as the Juvenile or Child 

Welfare Officers. The training and orientation may be done 

in phases over a period of six months to one year in every 

State and Union Territory.

4. The Home Departments and the Director Generals of 

Police of the States/Union Territories will also ensure that 

Special Juvenile Police Unit comprising of all police officers 

designated as Juvenile or Child Welfare Officer be created in 

every district and city to coordinate and to upgrade the 

 4

police treatment to juveniles and the children as provided in 

sub-section (3) of Section 63 of the Act. 

5. The matter be listed in the first week of January, 2012 

when the State Governments and the Union Territories will 

file an affidavit stating steps taken by them pursuant to this 

order.

 ..................................J.

 (R. V. Raveendran)

 ..................................J.

 (A. K. Patnaik)

New Delhi,October 12, 2011. 

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