//
you're reading...
legal issues

Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 – s. 482 – Scope of – Criminal proceeding u/ss. 406, 420 and 424 r/w s. 34 IPC – Against nine accused – Some of the accused (family members/relatives of prime accused) filing petition for quashing of proceedings – Rejected by High Court – On appeal, held: When prosecution is sought to be quashed at initial stage, test to be applied is whether the uncontroverted allegations in the complaint prima facie establish the offence – On facts, no prima facie case made out against petitioners as no specific role ascribed to them – Proceedings against them quashed – Penal Code, 1860 – ss. 406, 420, 424 r/w s. 34. Accused No. 1 was the sole proprietor of a rice mill. As his business declined, he owed debts to Banks, financial institutions and to public. He filed an insolvency petition. Several representations were made, making allegations against accused No. 1 and his family members. The representations were endorsed to police for investigation. Respondents- paddy suppliers also lodged report against accused No. 1 and his family members and relatives (including appellants-accused Nos. 2-3 and 6-8) for offences punishable u/ss. 406 and 420 r/w s. 34 IPC. Police filed charge- sheet u/ss. 406, 420 and 424 r/w s. 34 IPC. Appellants-accused filed petition u/s. 482 Cr.P.C., seeking quashing of criminal complaint and charge-sheet. The petition was dismissed by High Court. Hence the present appeals. Allowing the appeals, the Court HELD: 1. When at an initial stage a prosecution is sought to be quashed, the test to be applied by the court is as to whether the uncontroverted allegations as made in the complaint filed, prima facie establish the offence. It is also for the court to take into consideration any special feature that may appear in a particular case while considering whether it is expedient and in the interest of justice to permit the prosecution to continue. This is so on the basis that the court cannot be utilised for any oblique purpose. The tests that are laid down in the case of Bhajan Lal are required to be applied very carefully and minutely when a prayer for quashing is laid before the court. [Para 17] [1142-F-H; 1143-A] Drugs Inspector v. Dr. B.K. Krishna 1981 (2) SCC 454; Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. Ram Kishan Rohtagi 1983 (1) SCC 1; State of Haryana and Ors. v. Bhajan Lal 1992 Suppl. (1) SCC 335; Pepsi Foods Ltd. v. Special Judicial Magistrate 1998 (5) SCC 749; S. W. Palanikar v. State of Bihar 2002 (1) SCC 241 – relied on. 2.1 In the instant case, no useful purpose would be served by allowing the prosecution against the appellants most of the allegations in the charge sheet are mainly directed against accused No. 1. There is no concrete and direct allegation against all these persons ascribing any definite role to each one of them in the offence alleged. The statements shown as allegations amounting to prima facie evidence against them, are very bald and vague statements on the basis of which no case could be made out. Such allegations do not make out a case of prima facie evidence. Therefore, the proceedings as against the ap-pellants i.e. accused Nos. 2and 3 and accused Nos. 6 to 8 are quashed. [Paras 20, 21 and 22] [1143-F-G; 1144-B-D] Case Law Reference 1981 (2) SCC 454 Relied on. Para 12 1983 (1) SCC 1 Relied on. Para 12 1992 Suppl. (1) SCC 335 Relied on. Para 14 1998 (5) SCC 749 Relied on. Para 15 2002 (1) SCC 241 Relied on. Para 16 CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION : Criminal Appeal No. 549 of 2009 From the Judgement and Order dated 01.03.2007 of the Hon’ble High Court of Andhra Pradesh in Criminal Petition No. 5618 of 2006. WITH Criminal Appeal No. 550 of 2009 G. Ramakrishna Prasad, C.K. Sucharita, for the Appellants. Altaf Fatima, D. Bharathi Reddy, for the Respondents.

REPORTABLE

Seal of Andhra Pradesh

Seal of Andhra Pradesh (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION

CRIMINAL APPEAL No. 549 OF 2009
(Arising out of SLP (Crl.) No. 2991 of 2007)
Chunduru Siva Ram Krishna & Anr. …..Appellants
Versus
Peddi Ravindra Babu & Anr. …..Respondents
With

CRIMINAL APPEAL No. 550 OF 2009
(Arising out of SLP (Crl.) No. 5072 of 2007)

 

JUDGMENT
Dr. Mukundakam Sharma, J.
1. Leave granted.

 

2. Both these appeals are being taken up together and are being disposed of

by this common judgment and order as these appeals have been preferred

against the common judgment and order dated 01.03.2007 passed by the
Page 1 of 19
Andhra Pradesh High Court at Hyderabad. By the aforesaid common

judgment and order the learned Single Judge of the High Court

dismissed the petition filed by Accused Nos. 1 to 9 praying for quashing

of the complaint filed against them by holding that the allegations made

in the said complaint do not make out a case for quashing of the

complaint.

 

3. In order to appreciate the contentions raised before us by the counsel

appearing for the parties it would be necessary to set out the brief facts

leading to filing of the aforesaid complaint dated 02.07.2005.

One Chunduru Subba Rao, Accused No. 1 was having a rice mill at

Village Lakshmipuram in District Guntur, Andhra Pradesh under the name

and style of “C.S.R. Rice Mills”. He was the sole proprietor of the said rice

mill. Accused Nos. 2 to Accused No. 5 are the family members of Accused

No. 1 whereas Accused Nos. 6 to Accused No. 8 are son-in-law, the

daughter of Accused No. 1 and the brother of the son-in-law of Accused

No.1 respectively. Accused No. 9 has also been arrayed as one of the

accused in the complaint filed and he is the younger brother-in-law of

Accused No. 1. Accused No. 2 and Accused No. 3 are the two sons of

Accused No. 1 who are aged about 28 and 25 years respectively. Accused

 

Page 2 of 19
No. 2 is stated to be doing his job after completing his graduation from

Nagarjuna University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh and his post graduation in

Master of Computer Applications under University of Madras. On the other

hand, Accused No. 3 is stated to be studying Engineering course in Bapatla,

Guntur, Andhra Pradesh. It is, therefore, disclosed from the aforesaid facts

that all the family members of Accused No. 1 have been arrayed as accused

persons in the complaint filed.

 

4. It is disclosed from the records that Accused No. 1 had been into rice

mill business for about 20 years and had been purchasing paddy from the

local paddy growers in the village and that he issued vouchers to some of

them while to others promissory notes ranging from Rs. 30,000/- to Rs. 3

lakh were executed as security towards the purchase of paddy. He had

also obtained Rs. 30 lakhs as loan from State Bank of India, Ponnur and

remodeled the rice mill and fortified his goodwill. However, his

business has declined and consequently he owed debts to the banks,

several financial institutions and to public and that his liabilities

aggregated to Rs. 89,51,600/-. Therefore, on 24.06.2005, he

filed an insolvency petition bearing I.P. No. 11 of 2005 in the Court of

Senior Civil Judge, Baptala, Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh in which

 

Page 3 of 19
he stated that he was sustaining loss for 5-6 years and his aggregated

liabilities was approximately Rs. 89,51,600/. He also got

published in the newspaper regarding the factum of filing of the said

insolvency petition.

 

5. Consequent upon filing of the aforesaid insolvency petition several

representations were made to the District Collector by the villagers

making allegations against Accused No. 1 and his family members. The

said representations were endorsed by the District Collector to the police

for investigation. The paddy suppliers, who are respondents herein, also

lodged a report dated 2.7.2005 against Accused No. 1 and his family

members with the Station House Officer, Kakumanu Police Station in

Kakumanu Mandal, District Guntur for offences punishable under

Sections 406 and 420 read with Section 34 of the Indian Penal Code.

 

6. On 18.9.2006, the Station House Officer, Kakumanu filed a charge sheet

bearing C.C. No. 110 of 2006 in the court of the learned Judicial

Magistrate First Class, Ponnur under Sections 406, 420 and 424 read

with Section 37 IPC against Accused No. 1 to Accused No. 9 which

included both the appellants herein. In the said charge sheet the police

 

Page 4 of 19
stated that Accused No. 1 to Accused No. 9, who are inter related,

developed an evil idea by colluding themselves and fraudulently directed

the loans and gold secretly in benami names in order to defraud the

persons who supplied paddy to them. It was further stated in the charge

sheet that during the year 2005 Accused No. 1 purchased paddy crop

from several farmers saying that he would pay the cost of paddy as per

the existing market value. They blindly believed Accused No. 1 and

unloaded huge quantities of paddy produced by them and entrusted the

same with Accused No. 1. But Accused No. 1 diverted part of the paddy

to Accused No. 5 who was running rice mill under the name and style of

`C.S.R. Industries’ opposite to Sivalayam, Old Ponnur, on the ground of

inadequate power supply and secretly sold it for his own use. It has been

further stated that 10 days before that he had also diverted huge

quantities to `NRI Industries’, Ponnur. Eventually, Accused No. 1

gained unlawfully to the tune of Rs. 1,20,00,000/- by cheating the

abovementioned paddy suppliers. He surrendered before the learned

Judicial Magistrate First Class, Ponnur on 19.7.2005. Vide order dated

19.7.2005 in the petition for grant of anticipatory bail, the Hon’ble High

Court of Andhra Pradesh directed release of A-6 to A-8 and A2 to A-4

including the appellants herein.

 

Page 5 of 19
7. On 25.11.2006 all the accused i.e. Accused Nos. 1 to Accused No. 9

including the appellants herein (Accused No. 2 and Accused No. 3)

jointly filed a Criminal Petition No. 5618 of 2006 under Section 482 of

the Criminal Procedure Code (for short `CrPC‘) before the High Court of

Judicature, Andhra Pradesh at Hyderabad seeking quashing of the

Criminal Complaint No. 110/2006 and the charge sheet which were

pending in the Court of learned Judicial Magistrate First Class, Ponnur

on the ground that it was only a civil liability arising out of breach of

contract by Accused No. 1 in payment of price of paddy and, therefore, it

was improper on the part of the police to come to their aid to recover the

money under a transaction by filing criminal cases and that the said

criminal complaint itself was a counter blast to the insolvency petition

filed by Accused No. 1. However, the learned Single Judge of the High

Court vide impugned order dated 01.03.2007 observed that they

collected paddy from various agriculturists worth Rs. 1,20,00,000/- by

making them to believe that the cost of paddy would be paid immediately

but after having collected the paddy, they failed to pay the amount to the

agriculturists and thereby they cheated those persons. So, it was held that

there was prima facie material against all the accused i.e. Accused Nos. 1

 

Page 6 of 19
to Accused No. 9. Accordingly, the High Court dismissed the criminal

petition.

 

8. Being aggrieved by the aforesaid order passed by the High Court two

special leave petitions were filed in this Court which are registered as

SLP (C) No. 2991 of 2007 and SLP (C) No. 5072 of 2007.

SLP (C) No. 2991 of 2007 was filed by Accused Nos. 2 and 3 who

are sons of Accused No. 1 and they are aged about 28 years and 25 years

respectively. In this special leave petition notice was issued by this Court

vide order dated 18.05.2007 and while doing so interim stay of the further

proceedings in C.C. No. 110 of 2006 was also passed so far as appellants

herein are concerned. Similarly, SLP (C) No. 5072 of 2007 was preferred

by Accused Nos. 6 to Accused No. 8 who are son-in-law, the daughter of

Accused No. 1 (a housewife) and the brother of the son-in-law of Accused

No. 1. Similar orders were passed in their special leave petition also. Both

the aforesaid petitions were listed before us for hearing when we heard the

learned counsel appearing for the parties.

 

9. Mr. G. Ramakrishna Prasad, learned counsel for the appellants

submitted that when a sole proprietary firm had allegedly cheated some

suppliers, the members of the family of such sole proprietor cannot be

Page 7 of 19
roped into a criminal prosecution especially in the light of the facts that

the criminal complaint itself has been lodged as a counter blast to the

insolvency petition filed by the owner of the sole proprietary mill and the

Investigation Officers were not justified in roping-in the innocent

appellants herein despite the fact that there was no substantive allegation

made against them. It was further submitted that the matter is essentially

having a civil profile and merely because many people have lodged

criminal complaints, criminal prosecution was launched against Accused

No. 2 and Accused No. 3 (appellants herein) without any basis or an iota

of evidence which has gone to the extent of spoiling the bright career

and future of Accused No. 2 and Accused No. 3. He also submitted that

the appellants herein have nothing to do with the daily conduct of the

business, income derived therefrom or with regard to alleged selling of

paddy stock and in view of this the High Court ought to have taken into

account the hardship and damage of future/career of the appellants

herein.

 

10. Learned counsel for the appellant submitted that the High Court had

dismissed the petition of the appellant herein due to total non-application

of mind as it failed to see that the rice mill was being run by Accused

No. 1 as sole proprietary concern and Accused No. 2 and Accused No. 3

Page 8 of 19
had nothing to do with the said sole proprietary concern and therefore

the offences against Accused No. 2 and Accused No. 3 had not at all

sustainable. He further submitted that due to illegal actions of the

investigating officers and being hand in glove with the farmers the police

made Accused No. 3 to lose one precious academic year as he could not

attend the classes and thereby rendered himself liable to be disqualified

for appearing in the examination due to shortage of attendance.

According to him, although these facts were brought to the notice of the

learned Advocate who appeared in the matter in High Court,

unfortunately the same were not placed on record.

 
11. Mr. C.K. Sucharita, learned counsel for the appellants submitted that the

essential ingredients of offence under Section 406 IPC is entrustment of

the property and essential ingredient of offence under Section 420 IPC is

that it must be proved that the complainant had parted with his property

acting on a representation which is false to the knowledge of the accused

and that the accused had dishonest intention from the onset are not

satisfied even as per the allegations made in the complaint. He further

submitted that the High Court erred in not invoking its inherent power

 

Page 9 of 19
under Section 482 CrPC to quash the criminal complaint against the

appellants herein as the complaint does not even vaguely suggest that the

appellants herein, who belong to a distinct family, were concerned in any

manner with the business run by Accused No. 1 or with the collection of

paddy. In support of such contentions the learned counsel has relied on

various judgments pronounced by this Court.

 

12.In the light of the aforesaid submissions we may now proceed to

appreciate and analyse the contentions raised before us.

The scope and ambit of Section 482 of the Code of Criminal

Procedure have been the subject matter of consideration by the courts in

India. A number of decisions have been rendered by this Court on the

aforesaid issue wherein the law relating to quashing of a complaint has been

succinctly laid down. In the case of Drugs Inspector v. Dr. B.K. Krishna

[1981 (2) SCC 454] it was held by this Court that in a quashing proceeding,

the High Court has to see whether the allegations made in the complaint

petition, if proved, make out a prima facie offence and that the accused has

prima facie committed the offence. In the said decision this Court refused

quashing of the complaint on the ground that there were enough allegations

in the complaint and that the accused persons were responsible for the

 

Page 10 of 19
management and conduct of the firm and, therefore, the extent of their

liability could be and would be established during trial. In Municipal

Corporation of Delhi v. Ram Kishan Rohtagi [1983 (1) SCC 1] it was

held that when on the allegation made in the complaint, a clear case was

made out against all the respondents (accused persons), the High Court

ought not to have quashed the proceedings on the ground that the complaint

did not disclose any offence.

 

13. In Municipal Corporation of Delhi (supra), this Court observed as

follows in para 8:

“8. Another important consideration which is to be kept in
mind is as to when the High Court acting under the provisions
of Section 482 should exercise the inherent power insofar as
quashing of criminal proceedings are concerned. This matter
was gone into in greater detail in Smt Nagawwa v. Veeranna
Shivalingappa Konjalgi, (1976) 3 SCC 736 where the scope of
Sections 202 and 204 of the present Code was considered and
while laying down the guidelines and the grounds on which
proceedings could be quashed this Court observed as follows:
[SCC para 5, p. 741 : SCC (Cri) pp. 511-12]
Thus it may be safely held that in the following cases an order
of the Magistrate issuing process against the accused can be
quashed or set aside:
(1) where the allegations made in the complaint or the
statements of the witnesses recorded in support of the same
taken at their face value make out absolutely no case against
the accused or the complaint does not disclose the essential
ingredients of an offence which is alleged against the accused;
(2) where the allegations made in the complaint are patently
absurd and inherently improbable so that no prudent person can

Page 11 of 19
ever reach a conclusion that there is sufficient ground for
proceeding against the accused;
(3) where the discretion exercised by the Magistrate in issuing
process is capricious and arbitrary having been based either on
no evidence or on materials which are wholly irrelevant or
inadmissible; and
(4) where the complaint suffers from fundamental legal defects,
such as, want of sanction, or absence of a complaint by legally
competent authority and the like.
The cases mentioned by us are purely illustrative and provide
sufficient guidelines to indicate contingencies where the High
Court can quash proceedings.”

 

14. However, the most famous case on the subject, decided by this Court,

was the case of State of Haryana & Ors. v. Bhajan Lal, [1992 Suppl.

(1) SCC 335] wherein this Court laid down the law as to when the High

Court acting under the provisions of Section 482 CrPC should and would

exercise the inherent power in so far as quashing of criminal proceedings

are concerned. In the said decision this Court categorized the cases by

way of illustration wherein such power should be exercised either to

prevent the abuse of the process of any court or otherwise to secure the

ends of justice. It observed in para 102 as follows:-

“102. In the backdrop of the interpretation of the various
relevant provisions of the Code under Chapter XIV and of the
principles of law enunciated by this Court in a series of decisions
relating to the exercise of the extraordinary power under Article
226 or the inherent powers under Section 482 of the Code which
we have extracted and reproduced above, we give the following
categories of cases by way of illustration wherein such power

Page 12 of 19
could be exercised either to prevent abuse of the process of any
court or otherwise to secure the ends of justice, though it may not
be possible to lay down any precise, clearly defined and
sufficiently channelised and inflexible guidelines or rigid
formulae and to give an exhaustive list of myriad kinds of cases
wherein such power should be exercised.
(1) Where the allegations made in the first information report or
the complaint, even if they are taken at their face value and
accepted in their entirety do not prima facie constitute any
offence or make out a case against the accused.
(2) Where the allegations in the first information report and other
materials, if any, accompanying the FIR do not disclose a
cognizable offence, justifying an investigation by police officers
under Section 156(1) of the Code except under an order of a
Magistrate within the purview of Section 155(2) of the Code.
(3) Where the uncontroverted allegations made in the FIR or
complaint and the evidence collected in support of the same do
not disclose the commission of any offence and make out a case
against the accused.
(4) Where, the allegations in the FIR do not constitute a
cognizable offence but constitute only a non-cognizable offence,
no investigation is permitted by a police officer without an order
of a Magistrate as contemplated under Section 155(2) of the
Code.
(5) Where the allegations made in the FIR or complaint are so
absurd and inherently improbable on the basis of which no
prudent person can ever reach a just conclusion that there is
sufficient ground for proceeding against the accused.
(6) Where there is an express legal bar engrafted in any of the
provisions of the Code or the concerned Act (under which a
criminal proceeding is instituted) to the institution and
continuance of the proceedings and/or where there is a specific
provision in the Code or the concerned Act, providing
efficacious redress for the grievance of the aggrieved party.
(7) Where a criminal proceeding is manifestly attended with
mala fide and/or where the proceeding is maliciously instituted
with an ulterior motive for wreaking vengeance on the accused
and with a view to spite him due to private and personal grudge.”

Page 13 of 19
15. The above decision was followed by this Court in Pepsi Foods Ltd. v.

Special Judicial Magistrate [1998 (5) SCC 749]. In paragraph 28 of

the said judgment this Court held thus :

“28. Summoning of an accused in a criminal case is a serious
matter. Criminal law cannot be set into motion as a matter of
course. It is not that the complainant has to bring only two
witnesses to support his allegations in the complaint to have the
criminal law set into motion. The order of the Magistrate
summoning the accused must reflect that he has applied his
mind to the facts of the case and the law applicable thereto. He
has to examine the nature of allegations made in the complaint
and the evidence both oral and documentary in support thereof
and would that be sufficient for the complainant to succeed in
bringing charge home to the accused. It is not that the
Magistrate is a silent spectator at the time of recording of
preliminary evidence before summoning of the accused. The
Magistrate has to carefully scrutinise the evidence brought on
record and may even himself put questions to the complainant
and his witnesses to elicit answers to find out the truthfulness
of the allegations or otherwise and then examine if any offence
is prima facie committed by all or any of the accused.”

 

16. Further, this Court observed in S. W. Palanikar v. State of Bihar [2002

(1) SCC 241] that every breach of trust may not result in a penal offence

of criminal breach of trust unless there is evidence of a mental act of

fraudulent misappropriation. It observed as follows:

“8. Before examining respective contentions on their relative
merits, we think it is appropriate to notice the legal position.
Every breach of trust may not result in a penal offence of

Page 14 of 19
criminal breach of trust unless there is evidence of a mental act
of fraudulent misappropriation. An act of breach of trust
involves a civil wrong in respect of which the person wronged
may seek his redress for damages in a civil court but a breach
of trust with mens rea gives rise to a criminal prosecution as
well.

9. The ingredients in order to constitute a criminal breach of
trust are: (i) entrusting a person with property or with any
dominion over property, (ii) that person entrusted (a)
dishonestly misappropriating or converting that property to his
own use; or (b) dishonestly using or disposing of that property
or wilfully suffering any other person so to do in violation (i)
of any direction of law prescribing the mode in which such
trust is to be discharged, (ii) of any legal contract made,
touching the discharge of such trust.
10. The ingredients of an offence of cheating are: (i) there
should be fraudulent or dishonest inducement of a person by
deceiving him, (ii)(a) the person so deceived should be induced
to deliver any property to any person, or to consent that any
person shall retain any property; or (b) the person so deceived
should be intentionally induced to do or omit to do anything
which he would not do or omit if he were not so deceived; and
(iii) in cases covered by (ii)(b), the act of omission should be
one which causes or is likely to cause damage or harm to the
person induced in body, mind, reputation or property.
11. One of us (D.P. Mohapatra, J.), speaking for the Bench, in
Hridaya Ranjan Prasad Verma v. State of Bihar, (2000) 4 SCC
168 on facts of that case, has expressed thus: (SCC p. 177, para
15)

15. In determining the question it has to be kept in mind that
the distinction between mere breach of contract and the offence
of cheating is a fine one. It depends upon the intention of the
accused at the time of inducement which may be judged by his
subsequent conduct but for this subsequent conduct is not the
sole test. Mere breach of contract cannot give rise to criminal
prosecution for cheating unless fraudulent or dishonest
intention is shown right at the beginning of the transaction, that
is the time when the offence is said to have been committed.
Therefore it is the intention which is the gist of the offence. To
hold a person guilty of cheating it is necessary to show that he
had fraudulent or dishonest intention at the time of making the
promise. From his mere failure to keep up promise
subsequently such a culpable intention right at the beginning,
that is, when he made the promise cannot be presumed.”
Page 15 of 19
(emphasis supplied)

 

17. The aforesaid discussion clearly pin-point the legal position on the

subject which is by now well settled. The principle that could be culled

out is that when at an initial stage a prosecution is asked to be quashed,

the test to be applied by the court is as to whether the uncontroverted

allegations as made in the complaint filed prima facie establish the

offence. It is also for the court to take into consideration any special

feature that may appear in a particular case while considering whether it

is expedient and in the interest of justice to permit a prosecution to

continue. This is so on the basis that the court cannot be utilised for any

oblique purpose. The tests that are laid down in the case of Bhajan Lal

(supra) are required to be applied very carefully and minutely when a

prayer for quashing is laid before the court.

 

18. When the facts of the present case are tested in the backdrop of the

aforesaid legal position, the position that emerge is as to whether or not

in the report submitted with the Station House Officer, Kakumanu Police

Station in Kakumanu Mandal, District Guntur on 02.07.2005 and the

charge sheet which was filed by the Station House Officer, whether there

 

Page 16 of 19
is any substantial allegation against the appellants which would prima

facie establish the offence alleged against the appellants. While

examining the said aspect this Court is required to keep in mind the

allegations made in the aforesaid report and in the charge sheet which

must be considered uncontroverted.

 

19.We have carefully examined the charge sheet which is a part of the

record and which was prepared on the basis of the aforesaid report dated

02.07.2005 and also on the basis of the investigation carried out by the

police thereafter in which they had gathered certain information. We

have read those allegations made in the charge sheet against all the

appellants herein. Most of the allegations in the aforesaid charge sheet

are mainly directed against Accused No. 1.

 

20.The allegations made against other accused are that Accused No. 1

diverted huge quantities of paddy to NRI industries, Ponnur and made it

disappear with the active assistance of Accused Nos. 2 to Accused No. 9

and that Accused No. 1 purchased lands at Nethaji Nagar, Nidubrolu in

the name of benamies with the assistance of Accused No. 6 and that

Accused No. 1 also purchased valuable properties at Bangalore with the

help of Accused No. 2. These are the only allegations made against the

Page 17 of 19
role of the present appellants namely Accused Nos. 2 and 3 and Accused

Nos. 6, 7 and 8. No specific role is ascribed to any of the aforesaid

persons except for stating that the huge quantities of paddy was diverted

by Accused No. 1 and made to disappear with the active assistance of

Accused No. 2 to Accused No. 9. Without ascribing any specific role to

any one of them the aforesaid allegation appear to us to be very bald and

vague. Similarly the allegations made against Accused No. 2 and

Accused No. 3 that they had helped their father in purchasing some

property is also very vague as no specific role is ascribed to them.

 

21.In our considered opinion, no useful purpose would be served by

allowing the prosecution against aforesaid accused persons (the

appellants herein). There is no concrete and direct allegation against all

these persons ascribing any definite role to each one of them in the

offence alleged. The statements shown to us as allegations amounting to

prima facie evidence against them, according to us, are very bald and

vague statements on the basis of which no case could be made out.

 

22.We are of the opinion that such allegations do not make out a case of

prima facie evidence. Consequently, we have no other option but to

 

Page 18 of 19
quash the proceedings as against the appellants herein i.e. Accused Nos.

2 and 3 and Accused Nos. 6 to 8. While doing so, however, we make it

clear that we express no opinion so far as the allegations made in the said

charge sheet against Accused No. 1 and other accused persons are

concerned. We also make it clear that the observations made herein by

us are only with respect to the criminal proceedings and none of these

observations shall be construed as an opinion of ours so far civil liability,

if any, is concerned.

 

23. Both the appeals are allowed to the aforesaid extent. There shall be no

order as to costs.

 

………………………..J.
[S.B. Sinha]
…………………………J.
[Dr. Mukundakam Sharma]
New Delhi,
March 25, 2009

 
Page 19 of 19

About advocatemmmohan

ADVOCATE

Discussion

Comments are closed.

Blog Stats

  • 2,902,760 hits

ADVOCATE MMMOHAN

archieves

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,908 other subscribers
Follow advocatemmmohan on WordPress.com
%d bloggers like this: