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Service Matter – selections and appointment to the post of Librarians in the schools run by local bodies – High court turned down their plea – Library Science Degrees obtained from Allgappa University before it was obtained recolonization – Apex court held that the validity of the post facto recognition granted by the Distance Education Council to Algappa University has not been assailed before us nor was the same under challenge before the High Court, we see no reason why the petitioners in these petitions should not be allowed the benefit of such recognition which implies that they shall be treated as eligible for consideration and appointment against the available vacancies depending upon their inter se merit vis-a-vis other candidates competing for the same.= Naushad Anwar & Ors. …Appellants Versus State of Bihar & Ors. …Respondents= 2014 (Apr.Part) http://judis.nic.in/supremecourt/filename=41374

Service Matter – selections and appointment to the post of Librarians in the schools run by local bodies – High court turned down their plea – Library Science Degrees obtained from Allgappa University before it was obtained recolonization – Apex court held that the validity of  the  post  facto  recognition granted by the Distance Education Council  to  Algappa  University  has  not been assailed before us nor was the same under  challenge  before  the  High Court, we see no reason why the petitioners in these  petitions  should  not be allowed the benefit of such recognition which implies that they shall  be treated as eligible for consideration and appointment against the  available vacancies depending upon their inter se  merit  vis-a-vis  other  candidates competing for the same.=

whether  the  appellants  were  eligible  for

appointment as librarians in the schools run by  the  local  bodies  in  the

State of Bihar and if so whether a mandamus could be  issued  directing  the

respondents to announce the result currently lying in a  sealed  cover.=

The appellants in these appeals also applied for  appointment  against

posts of Librarians in response to the above notification. Their  claim  for

such appointments was, however, turned down on the ground that they did  not

satisfy the conditions of eligibility prescribed for  such  appointments  as

they did  not  possess  a  Bachelor’s  Degree  in  Library  Science  from  a

recognised  university.=

The  Distance  Education  Council  had,  observed  the  High

Court, in terms of its letter dated 2nd December, 2008 clearly  stated  that

Alagappa University from where the appellants had obtained the said  degrees

was not recognised till 24th November, 2009 when  the  said  University  was

granted recognition for the first time. The High Court was also of the  view

that the process of appointment and selection stood  completed  by  January,

2009, i.e. long before Alagappa University was recognised. The  High  Court,

therefore,  saw  no  reason  to  permit  the  appellants  to   compete   for

appointment with other candidates. The High Court observed:

 

           “From the aforesaid factual narration, the  core  question  that

           emerges for consideration is  whether  the  students,  who  have

           passed from Alagappa University through Distance Education,  can

           be allowed to participate  in  the  counselling.   There  is  no

           shadow of doubt that the Alagappa University did  not  have  the

           recognition from the distance Education Council at the  time  of

           examination. It obtained post facto recognition  on  24.11.2009,

           that is, at a very belated stage.”

 

 whether  the  selection  process  stood  completed

before the Distance Education Council  recognised  Algappa  University  from

where the petitioners have obtained their degrees.  

Our  answer  is  clearly in the negative.  

On their own showing, the respondents  had  not  concluded

the selection process till as late as middle of  2012  i.e.  more  than  two

years after the recognition order  was  passed  by  the  Distance  Education

Council in favour of Algappa University.  

Petitioners had, in the  meantime,

been allowed to participate in the  interviews  under  the  orders  of  this

Court passed on 10th May, 2010.  

By our order dated 14th March, 2011 we  had

directed the respondents not to fill up 54 posts of Librarians  relevant  to

petitioners in SLP Nos.10964 and 12527 of 2010 and SLP (C) No.17421 of  2010

and two posts to be kept vacant relevant to SLP (C) Nos. 23850 and 23852  of

2010.  

It is not in dispute that the petitioners have  participated  in  the

interview under the above orders and  that  requisite  number  of  vacancies

have also been  reserved  for  their  appointment  in  the  event  of  their

succeeding in the present case. 

It is also not in dispute  that  the  result

of the petitioners has been kept  in  sealed  cover  awaiting  the  ultimate

outcome of  the  present  appeals.  

In  the  circumstances,  therefore,  and

keeping in view the fact that the validity of  the  post  facto  recognition

granted by the Distance Education Council  to  Algappa  University  has  not

been assailed before us nor was the same under  challenge  before  the  High

Court, we see no reason why the petitioners in these  petitions  should  not

be allowed the benefit of such recognition which implies that they shall  be

treated as eligible for consideration and appointment against the  available

vacancies depending upon their inter se  merit  vis-a-vis  other  candidates

competing for the same.

 

16.   In the result we allow these appeals, set aside the  order  passed  by

the High Court and allow Writ Petition 17734 of 2000  with  a  direction  to

the respondents to consider  the  appellants  for  appointment  against  the

available  vacancies  by  treating  them  eligible  for  such   appointment.

Depending upon their inter se merit vis-a-vis other candidates  who  may  be

competing for the unfilled vacancies if any out  of  those  advertised,  the

respondents  shall  issue  the  appointment  orders  to  them  if  they  are

otherwise found to be fit and suitable for  such  appointment.  The  needful

shall be done by the  respondents  expeditiously  but  not  later  than  two

months from the date of this order.

 

17.   The parties are left to bear their own costs.

2014 (Apr.Part) http://judis.nic.in/supremecourt/filename=41374

T.S. THAKUR, C. NAGAPPAN

REPORTABLE

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION
CIVIL APPEAL NO. 4270 OF 2014
(Arising out of S.L.P. (C) No.10964 of 2010)
Naushad Anwar & Ors. …Appellants

Versus

State of Bihar & Ors. …Respondents

WITH

CIVIL APPEAL NO. 4271 OF 2014
(Arising out of S.L.P. (C) No.12527 of 2010)
CIVIL APPEAL NO. 4272 OF 2014
(Arising out of S.L.P. (C) No.17421 of 2010)
CIVIL APPEAL NO. 4273 OF 2014
(Arising out of S.L.P. (C) No.23850 of 2010)
CIVIL APPEAL NO. 4274 OF 2014
(Arising out of S.L.P. (C) No.23852 of 2010)

AND

CIVIL APPEAL NO. 4275 OF 2014
(Arising out of S.L.P. (C) No.20584 of 2010)
J U D G M E N T

T.S. THAKUR, J.

1. Leave granted.

2. These appeals arise out of a common order dated 10th March, 2010
passed by the High Court of Judicature at Patna whereby CWJC No.17734 of
2009 filed by the appellants has been dismissed. The short question that
arises for consideration is whether the appellants were eligible for
appointment as librarians in the schools run by the local bodies in the
State of Bihar and if so whether a mandamus could be issued directing the
respondents to announce the result currently lying in a sealed cover. The
factual backdrop in which the question arises may be summarised as under:

3. Apart from nearly one lac posts of teachers in primary schools,
secondary schools and higher secondary schools run by Municipal
Corporation, Municipal Councils, District Boards and Panchayats as many as
2596 vacancies of Librarians were advertised by the Government of Bihar in
terms of a Notification dated 29th August, 2008. The time schedule
stipulated in the notification required the selection process to be
completed by 24th December, 2008. The selection process was to be
undertaken by Selection Committees at the district levels, although the
composition of such Committees and the norms and procedures governing the
selection process were not very clearly spelt out in the notification.

4. The appellants in these appeals also applied for appointment against
posts of Librarians in response to the above notification. Their claim for
such appointments was, however, turned down on the ground that they did not
satisfy the conditions of eligibility prescribed for such appointments as
they did not possess a Bachelor’s Degree in Library Science from a
recognised university. Aggrieved, the appellants filed Writ Petition
No.17734 of 2009 before the High Court of Judicature at Patna which
petition was dismissed by the High Court holding that the degrees in
library science obtained by the appellants through Distance Education were
not recognised. The Distance Education Council had, observed the High
Court, in terms of its letter dated 2nd December, 2008 clearly stated that
Alagappa University from where the appellants had obtained the said degrees
was not recognised till 24th November, 2009 when the said University was
granted recognition for the first time. The High Court was also of the view
that the process of appointment and selection stood completed by January,
2009, i.e. long before Alagappa University was recognised. The High Court,
therefore, saw no reason to permit the appellants to compete for
appointment with other candidates. The High Court observed:

“From the aforesaid factual narration, the core question that
emerges for consideration is whether the students, who have
passed from Alagappa University through Distance Education, can
be allowed to participate in the counselling. There is no
shadow of doubt that the Alagappa University did not have the
recognition from the distance Education Council at the time of
examination. It obtained post facto recognition on 24.11.2009,
that is, at a very belated stage.”

 
5. When the matter came up for hearing before this Court on 1st May,
2013, Mr. P.S. Patwalia, learned senior counsel appearing for the
appellants argued that the reason given by the High Court for refusing
relief to the appellants was unsustainable. He submitted that the process
of selection had not been completed in January, 2009 as held by the High
Court, but had continued till January, 2012. He contended that so long as
the process of selection was on, the appellants’ claim for consideration
against the vacancies notified by the Government, could not be ignored or
rejected by the State. Reliance in support of that submission was placed by
Mr. Patwalia on certain documents filed by the appellants to show that the
selection process had not concluded in January 2009 as observed by the High
Court but continued till as late as the year 2012. After hearing the matter
at some length we had by our order dated 1st May, 2013 directed the State
Government to file an appropriate affidavit answering the following
queries:

“(1) What is the total number of appointments made in each
District/unit so far, whether by the State or by the
concerned authorities, against the posts of librarian.
(2) How many of such appointments had been made up to 24th
December, 2008, the last date fixed for completing the
process of selections, in terms of the advertisement
notice.
(3) Under whose Orders was the date for completion of the
selection process extended beyond 24th December, 2008 and
in exercise of what authority. Copies of the order under
which the date for completion of the selection process was
extended shall be filed along with affidavit.
(4) When was the last counselling/verification of documents of
the candidates, who applied for appointment in each
district, conducted.
(5) What were the norms and procedure adopted by the concerned
Selection Committees for evaluating the inter se merits of
the candidates.
(6) In the case of candidates who had qualified from different
universities within and outside Bihar, how was the
performance of the candidates adjudged having regard to the
fact that the academic standard for each university may
have been different.
(7) What was the composition of the Selection Committee
entrusted with the process of selection of the candidates.
(8) How many candidates were enlisted for appointment in each
district on the basis of inter se merits of such
candidates. A copy of the merit list for each such district
be placed on record.
(9) Does the Government of Bihar have any norms or guidelines
on the subject of recognition of academic qualifications
awarded by universities within Bihar and those outside
Bihar?
(10) In case the State of Bihar does not have any mechanism for
recognition of such qualifications awarded to candidates
from different universities, is there any direction,
administrative or otherwise, that relies upon or accepts
the recognition granted to such universities by Distance
Education Council, New Delhi.
(11) Apart from Alagappa University from where the petitioners
claim to have obtained their degree/qualification in
library science, were any other candidates from other
universities not recognised on the date of the said
Notification considered for appointment by the concerned
Selection Committees. If so, on what basis. In case there
was any provisional recognition to such universities, the
copies of such provisional recognition orders be placed on
record.
(12) Is the process of selection incomplete in any district as
on date and if so what are the number of vacancies that
remain to be filled in such districts.
(13) Does the State propose to close or finalise the process of
selection against the vacancies that were advertised in the
year 2008. If so does it propose to issue a fresh
notification inviting applications against the vacancies
remaining unfilled having regard to the fact that a large
number of candidates who were not eligible as on the date
of the said Notification may have become eligible for
consideration of appointment.
(14) Is there a library in each school where the post has been
filled up or is sought to be filled up. If there is no
library in existence has the State taken any steps and if
not does the State propose to take steps to provide a
library to the school concerned. If the answer be in the
affirmative the timeframe within which it proposes to do so
may be indicated.”

 

6. The respondents have pursuant to the above filed an affidavit
answering the queries. Although some of the answers provided in the
affidavit are not entirely satisfactory, we do not consider it necessary
to look for further information in that regard as any such attempt is bound
to unnecessarily delay the disposal of these appeals further.

7. The selection process, it is common ground, was to be conducted in
terms of the Bihar Zila Parishad Secondary and Higher Secondary Teachers
(Appointment and Service Conditions), Rules, 2006 as amended by the
amendment Rules of 2008. Rule 4(vii) (a) and (b) of said Rules as amended
stipulates the following conditions of eligibility for appointment as a
Librarian.

“4(vii) (a) Possesses Degree of Graduation with minimum 45
percent marks from any recognized university. For the
scheduled castes/scheduled tribes/extremely backward
class/backward class and disabled, (irelaxation of five
percent would be made available in the minimum desired
marks.

(b) Degree of Graduation in Library Science given by any
university recognised by the Department of Education, State
Government.”

 
8. Scrutiny of the applications received by the competent authorities
appears to have revealed that several candidates had applied for
appointment on the basis of degrees in library science obtained by Distance
Education mode. Taking note of such candidatures, Secretary, Human
Resources Development of the Government of Bihar notified that the degrees
awarded by any university under the distance learning mode will be
recognised only if the same are recognized and approved by the Distance
Education Council of Indira Gandhi National Open University. Since the
Distance Education Council had declined recognition to the degrees awarded
by Algappa University the petitioners apprehended that they may not be
considered for appointment against the available vacancies. CWJC No.18561
which was the first round of litigation between the parties was, therefore,
filed by the petitioners and several others in the High Court of Judicature
at Patna for a mandamus directing the respondents to consider them for
appointment as librarian pursuant to the advertisement in question.

9. The respondents contested the petition aforementioned and asserted
that academic qualifications awarded through distance education from any
university established under the Act of the Parliament or institutions are
deemed to be universities under Section 3 of the University Grants
Commission Act, 1956 or institutions of National importance declared to be
so under an Act of the Parliament shall stand automatically recognised for
the purposes of employment to posts and services under the Central
Government provided such qualifications and universities are recognised by
the Distance Education Council. It was further submitted that a
notification was issued even by the Distance Education Council informing
all concerned that Distance Education Council constituted under the Indira
Gandhi national University Act, 1985 determines standards for distance
education in the country and prescribes guidelines that are mandatory for
all institutions and that institutions ought to obtain approval of the
Distance Education Council before commencing any degree/diploma or any such
course through distance education mode. The notification further informed
the public at large that universities and institutions which offered a
degree/diploma course through distance mode was misleading the public if
they purported to claim that such degrees/diplomas or courses are
recognised by the University Grants Commission. Such degrees could in terms
of the notification be recognised only if the institutions had obtained
approval of Distance Education Council under the Indira Gandhi National
Open University Act, 1985. That requirement was according to the
respondents not satisfied in the present case as the Distance Education
Council had in terms of its letter dated 1st December, 2008 clearly stated
that the B.L.I.S. Degree of Algappa University by distance education mode
was not recognised by the Distance Education Council.

10. A Single Bench of the High Court of Patna before whom CWJC No.18561
came up for consideration held that since a degree in library science from
a recognised university was the bare minimum requirement for appointment as
a Librarian and since the degree obtained by the petitioners before it was
not recognised by the Distance Education Council, the petitioners were not
eligible for consideration or appointment against the available vacancies
on the basis of any such qualification. The writ petition filed by the
petitioners was, accordingly, dismissed.

11. Shortly after the dismissal of the above petition came another
petition filed by Pramod Kumar and others (CWJA No.3995 of 2009 ; Pramod
Kumar & Ors. v. The State of Bihar & Ors.) in which a Single Bench of the
High Court of Patna passed an order on 1st April, 2009 directing the
Distance Education Council to dispose of at an early date the prayer made
by Algappa University for recognition. In CWJC No.6235 of 2009 filed by
Prem Sudha Kumar and others another Single Bench of the High Court of Patna
by an order dated 18th May, 2009 directed the State not to make any
appointments based on a degree in distance education mode not recognised by
the Distance Education Council.

12. The above writ petitions were then followed by Writ Petition No.17734
of 2009 from which the present appeals arise in which the petitioners not
only challenged the constitutional validity of Rule 4 (vii)(a) & (b) of the
Bihar Municipality Secondary and Higher Secondary Teachers (Appointment and
Service Condition) Rules, 2006 as amended in 2008 but also prayed for a
direction against the respondents for consideration of their cases for
appointment against the post of Librarian on the basis of their degree
qualification from Algappa University, Karaikuddi, Tamil Nadu. The
petitioners’ case primarily was that the Indira Gandhi National Open
University had by an order dated 24th November, 2009 granted ex post facto
recognition to the programme offered by distance education mode by the
Algappa University with effect from 1995 which implied that the degrees
awarded to the petitioners were recognised qualifications making them
eligible for appointment as Librarians. Challenge to the validity of the
Rules was, however, given up by the petitioner before the High Court as is
evident from its order dated 7th January, 2010. The limited question that
fell for consideration before the High Court, therefore, was whether the
degrees obtained by the petitioners from the Algappa University were
recognised and whether the petitioners could be considered for appointment
against the available vacancies on the basis of the said qualifications.
The High Court dismissed the writ petitions on the ground that Algappa
University did not have the requisite recognition from Distance Education
Council “at the time of examination” and that post facto recognition
belatedly granted on 24th February, 2009 did not entitle the petitioners to
the consideration or appointments prayed for.

13. The short question that falls for our determination in the above
backdrop, therefore, is whether the academic qualification acquired by the
petitioners is recognized for the purposes of appointment as Librarians
against the vacancies in question, having regard to the fact that the
Distance Education Council of Indira Gandhi National Open University has
granted ex post facto recognition to Algappa University from where the
petitioners have secured their degrees in library science. The High Court
has, as noticed above, taken the view that recognition by Distance
Education Council was granted belatedly inasmuch as such recognition had
come after the conclusion of the entire selection process hence was of no
avail to the petitioners. There can indeed be no quarrel with the abstract
proposition of law that any recognition granted after the conclusion of the
selection process cannot possibly help the candidates concerned who ought
to satisfy the conditions of eligibility according to the relevant Rules on
the date the applications are submitted and scrutinised to determine their
eligibility. The difficulty, however, is that the relevant Rules, did not
in the case at hand stipulate whether a degree in library science obtained
by Distance Education mode will constitute a recognised qualification. All
that Rule 4 (vii) (b) stipulated was that the candidates should have a
degree in library science recognised by the Department of Education. The
Department of Education has not by itself recognised any university or
academic qualification awarded whether by regular or Distance Education
mode. It was only when candidates who had secured degrees in Library
Science by Distance Education mode applied for appointment that the
Government issued a clarification that such degrees will be recognised
provided the University awarding the same has been recognised by the
Distance Education Council. There was in other words considerable
confusion as to what would constitute a recognised qualification for
purposes of appointment as Librarians. Such being the case, the normal
rule that candidates must satisfy the conditions of eligibility on the date
of the applications will have to be applied liberally so as to prevent
injustice to candidates who possessed the requisite degree qualification
but such qualification required recognition by another statutory authority
which came during the selection process but was effective from a date
earlier than the date on which the applications were made. The fact that
the candidates were in the meantime allowed to participate in the selection
process under Orders of the Court and their result kept in a sealed cover
makes it so much easier for the Court to apply the relaxed standard for
determination of the conditions of eligibility especially when the
consideration of such candidates will in no way prejudice any other
candidate already appointed or selected for appointment.

14. We may now examine whether the selection process had indeed been
concluded before the recognition was granted by the Distance Education
Council in the instant case. The version of the petitioners consistently
has been that the selection process was not concluded as on the date the
recognition order was passed by the Distance Education Council and even
three years thereafter till the year 2012. Whether or not that was so, is
what we intended to discover from the answers provided by respondents to
the queries extracted in the earlier part of this order. In answer to query
no.2 the respondents have on the affidavit of Secretary to Government,
Education Department, Government of Bihar, stated that no appointments
could be made till 24th December, 2008 the last date fixed for completing
the process of selection in terms of the advertisement notice. In answer to
query no.3 the respondents have stated that appointment orders issued
against the vacancies of Teachers and Librarians were not issued on account
of certain allegations that forged and fabricated documents were being used
to secure such appointments and also on account of instructions issued by
the Government to the effect that degrees obtained by some of the
candidates from universities like Hindi Vidyapeeth Deogarh were being used
for claiming appointments. The affidavit goes on to state that in terms of
instructions issued by the Government on 17th February, 2010 a fresh
schedule for issuing appointment letters was published stipulating
different dates for completion of the process by the Nagar Nigams, Nagar
Prashids, Nagar Panchayats and Zila Parishads between 25th February, 2010
to 8th March, 2010. Since the process could not be completed yet another
schedule was published for all the four local bodies mentioned above asking
them to conclude the selection process on different dates between 10th May,
2010 to 20th May, 2010. Yet another schedule was notified for completion
of the selection process by the State Government’s letter dated 11th June,
2010 asking the local bodies concerned to complete the selection process on
different dates between 5th July, 2010 to 15th July, 2010. That was not
however, the end of the matter as the selection and appointment process
could not be completed by the local bodies which led to the publication of
yet another schedule stipulating dates for completion of the selection
process between 10th August, 2010 to 13th August, 2010. As if that was
also not enough, the entire selection process was in terms of a fresh
schedule to be completed on different dates between 8th July, 2011 to 12th
July, 2011 followed by yet another schedule stipulated by the Government in
terms of its letter dated 18th October, 2011 that required the local bodies
to complete the process of selection of appointments on different dates
between 14th December, 2011 to 17th December, 2011. The process of re-
scheduling the selection and appointments did not end there for by another
letter dated 4th January, 2012 the Government re-scheduled the selection
and appointment process to be completed between 23rd January, 2012 and 2nd
February, 2012. The affidavit states that no satisfactory progress in the
selection of the Librarians was made in certain districts despite re-
scheduling orders passed by the Government with the result a final schedule
for completion of the selection process was published asking the local
bodies to complete the selection and appointment process on different dates
between 15th June, 2012 to 25th June, 2012. In answer to query no.4 the
Government have stated that the last counselling/verification of the
documents of the selected candidates was undertaken pursuant to the above
final schedule.

15. We are anguished by the very thought of the selection procedure
dragging on for as long as four years between 2008 and 2012. Such
inordinate delay and indolence is totally undesirable not only because it
violates the fundamental rights of candidates who have qualified for
appointment during the intervening period but also because it depicts a
complete failure on the part of all concerned in regulating the selection
and appointment process with a view to ensuring that the same is fair,
objective and transparent. We cannot help saying that several questions
have bothered us in regard to the selection process itself which leaves
much to be desired but since there is no challenge to the selection or the
appointments made pursuant thereto, we refrain from making any observation
in regard to those aspects. All that we need say is that the selection and
appointment of such a large number of employees under the local bodies
ought to have been conducted in a more orderly fashion and more importantly
the same should have been completed within the time frame stipulated for
the purpose or such reasonable extension thereof as may have become
absolutely inevitable. A selection process that lingers on for years can
hardly measure up to the demands of objectivity, fairness and transparency
especially when the method by which inter se merit of candidates was
determined is neither stipulated in the Rules nor any guidelines issued for
the Selection Committee to follow have been placed before us. Be that as
it may, the question is whether the selection process stood completed
before the Distance Education Council recognised Algappa University from
where the petitioners have obtained their degrees. Our answer is clearly
in the negative. On their own showing, the respondents had not concluded
the selection process till as late as middle of 2012 i.e. more than two
years after the recognition order was passed by the Distance Education
Council in favour of Algappa University. Petitioners had, in the meantime,
been allowed to participate in the interviews under the orders of this
Court passed on 10th May, 2010. By our order dated 14th March, 2011 we had
directed the respondents not to fill up 54 posts of Librarians relevant to
petitioners in SLP Nos.10964 and 12527 of 2010 and SLP (C) No.17421 of 2010
and two posts to be kept vacant relevant to SLP (C) Nos. 23850 and 23852 of
2010. It is not in dispute that the petitioners have participated in the
interview under the above orders and that requisite number of vacancies
have also been reserved for their appointment in the event of their
succeeding in the present case. It is also not in dispute that the result
of the petitioners has been kept in sealed cover awaiting the ultimate
outcome of the present appeals. In the circumstances, therefore, and
keeping in view the fact that the validity of the post facto recognition
granted by the Distance Education Council to Algappa University has not
been assailed before us nor was the same under challenge before the High
Court, we see no reason why the petitioners in these petitions should not
be allowed the benefit of such recognition which implies that they shall be
treated as eligible for consideration and appointment against the available
vacancies depending upon their inter se merit vis-a-vis other candidates
competing for the same.

16. In the result we allow these appeals, set aside the order passed by
the High Court and allow Writ Petition 17734 of 2000 with a direction to
the respondents to consider the appellants for appointment against the
available vacancies by treating them eligible for such appointment.
Depending upon their inter se merit vis-a-vis other candidates who may be
competing for the unfilled vacancies if any out of those advertised, the
respondents shall issue the appointment orders to them if they are
otherwise found to be fit and suitable for such appointment. The needful
shall be done by the respondents expeditiously but not later than two
months from the date of this order.

17. The parties are left to bear their own costs.

……………………………………….……….…..…J.
(T.S. THAKUR)

 

 

…………………………..…………………..…..…J.
(VIKRAMAJIT SEN)
New Delhi
April 1, 2014

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