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Rule 43-C of the Central Civil Services (Leave) Rules, 1972 = Rule 43-C, it is apparent that a woman government employee having minor children below 18 years can avail CCL for maximum period of 730 days i.e. during the entire service period for taking care of upto two children. The care of children is not for rearing the smaller child but also to look after any of their needs like examination, sickness etc. Sub Rule (3) of Rule 43-C allows woman government employee to combine CCL with leave of any other kind. Under Sub Rule (4) of Rule 43-C leave of the kind due and admissible to woman government employee including commuted leave not exceeding 60 days; leave not due up to a maximum of one year, can be applied for and granted in continuation with CCL granted under Sub Rule (1). From plain reading of Sub Rules (3) and (4) of Rule 43-C it is clear that CCL even beyond 730 days can be granted by combining other leave if due.= KAKALI GHOSH … APPELLANT VERSUS CHIEF SECRETARY, ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ADMINISTRATION AND ORS. … RESPONDENTS =2014 (April.Part ) http://judis.nic.in/supremecourt/filename=41412

Rule 43-C of the  Central Civil  Services  (Leave)  Rules, 1972 =  Rule 43-C, it is apparent that a  woman government employee having minor children below 18 years can avail  CCL  for maximum period of 730 days i.e. during the entire service period for  taking care of upto two children.  The care of children  is  not  for  rearing  the smaller child but also to look after any of their  needs  like  examination, sickness etc.  Sub Rule (3) of Rule 43-C allows  woman  government  employee to combine CCL with leave of any other kind.  Under Sub Rule (4) of Rule 43-C leave of  the  kind  due  and  admissible  to  woman  government  employee

including commuted leave not exceeding 60  days;  leave  not  due  up  to  a maximum of one year, can be applied for and  granted  in  continuation  with CCL granted under Sub Rule (1).  From plain reading of  Sub  Rules  (3)  and (4) of Rule 43-C it is clear that CCL even beyond 730 days  can  be  granted by combining other leave if due.=

 

whether  a  woman  employee  of  the  Central  Government  can  ask  for

uninterrupted 730 days of Child Care Leave (hereinafter referred to as, –

‘the CCL’)  under Rule 43-C of the  Central Civil  Services  (Leave)  Rules,

1972 (hereinafter referred to as, ‘the Rules’). =

 she

is the only person to look after her minor son and her  mother  is  a  heart

patient and has not recovered from the shock due to  the  sudden  demise  of

her  father;  her  father-in-law  is  almost  bed   ridden   and   in   such

circumstances, she was not in a position to perform her duties  effectively.

“43-C. Child Care Leave

 

         1) A women Government servant having minor children below the  age

            of eighteen years and who has no earned leave  at  her  credit,

            may be granted child care leave by an  authority  competent  to

            grant leave, for a maximum period of two years, i.e.  730  days

            during the  entire  service  for  taking  care  of  up  to  two

            children, whether for rearing or to look  after  any  of  their

            needs like examination, sickness, etc.

 

         2) During the period of child care leave, she shall be paid  leave

            salary equal to the pay drawn immediately before proceeding  on

            leave.

 

         3) Child care leave may be combined with leave of any other kind.

 

 

 

 

         4)  Notwithstanding  the  requirement  of  production  of  medical

            certificate contained in sub-rule (1) of Rule  30  or  sub-rule

            (1) of Rule 31, leave of the kind due and admissible (including

            commuted leave not exceeding 60 days and leave not due) up to a

            maximum of one year, if applied for, be granted in continuation

            with child care leave granted under sub-rule (1).

 

         5) Child care leave may be availed of in more than one spell.

 

         6) Child care  leave  shall  not  be  debited  against  the  leave

            account.”

 

13.      On perusal of circulars and Rule 43-C, it is apparent that a  woman

government employee having minor children below 18 years can avail  CCL  for

maximum period of 730 days i.e. during the entire service period for  taking

care of upto two children.  The care of children  is  not  for  rearing  the

smaller child but also to look after any of their  needs  like  examination,

sickness etc.  Sub Rule (3) of Rule 43-C allows  woman  government  employee

to combine CCL with leave of any other kind.  Under Sub Rule (4) of Rule 43-

C leave of  the  kind  due  and  admissible  to  woman  government  employee

including commuted leave not exceeding 60  days;  leave  not  due  up  to  a

maximum of one year, can be applied for and  granted  in  continuation  with

CCL granted under Sub Rule (1).  From plain reading of  Sub  Rules  (3)  and

(4) of Rule 43-C it is clear that CCL even beyond 730 days  can  be  granted

by combining other leave if due. The finding of  the  High  Court  is  based

neither on Rule 43-C nor on guidelines issued  by  the  Central  Government.

The Tribunal was correct in directing the respondents  to  act  strictly  in

accordance with the guidelines issued by the Government of  India  and  Rule

43-C.

 

14.      In the present case, the appellant claimed for 730 days of  CCL  at

a stretch to ensure success of her son in the  forthcoming  secondary/senior

examinations (10th/11th standard).  It is not in dispute that son was  minor

below 18 years of age when she applied for CCL.  This is apparent  from  the

fact that the competent authority allowed 45 days of CCL in  favour  of  the

appellant.  However, no reason has been shown  by  the  competent  authority

for disallowing rest of the period of leave.

 

15.      Leave cannot be claimed as of right as per Rule 7, which  reads  as

follows:

 

      “7. Right to leave

 

              (1) Leave cannot be claimed as of right.

 

             (2) When the exigencies of public service so require, leave  of

             any kind may be refused or revoked by the  authority  competent

             to grant it, but it shall not be  open  to  that  authority  to

             alter the kind of leave due  and  applied  for  except  at  the

             written request of the Government servant.”

 

         However, under Sub-Rule (2) of Rule  7  leave  can  be  refused  or

revoked by the competent authority in  the  case  of  exigencies  of  public

service.

 

16.      In fact, Government of India from its Ministry of Home Affairs  and

Department of Personnel and Training all the time encourage  the  government

employees to take leave  regularly,  preferably  annually  by  its  Circular

issued by the Government  of   India   M.H.A.O.M.  No.  6/51/60-Ests.   (A),

dated   25th January,  1961,  reiterated  vide  Government  of

 

India letter dated 22/27th March, 2001.  As per those  circulars  where  all

applications for leave  cannot,  in  the  interest  of  public  service,  be

granted at the same time,  the  leave  sanctioning  authority  may  draw  up

phased programme for the grant of leave to the applicants by turn  with  due

regard to the principles enunciated under the aforesaid circulars.

 

17.      In the present case the respondents have not shown  any  reason  to

refuse 730 days continuous leave. The grounds taken by them and as  held  by

High Court cannot be accepted for the reasons mentioned above.

 

18.      For the reasons aforesaid,  we  set  aside  the  impugned  judgment

dated 18th September, 2012 passed by the Division  Bench  of  Calcutta  High

Court, Circuit Bench at Port Blair and affirm the judgment and  order  dated

30th April, 2012 passed by the Tribunal with a direction to the  respondents

to comply with the directions issued by the  Tribunal  within  three  months

from the date of receipt/production of this judgment.

 

19.      The appeal is allowed with aforesaid directions. No costs.

 

 2014 (April.Part ) http://judis.nic.in/supremecourt/filename=41412

SUDHANSU JYOTI MUKHOPADHAYA, V. GOPALA GOWDA

REPORTABLE
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION

CIVIL APPEAL NO. 4506 OF 2014
(arising out of SLP (C) No. 33244 of 2012)

KAKALI GHOSH … APPELLANT

VERSUS

CHIEF SECRETARY,
ANDAMAN & NICOBAR
ADMINISTRATION AND ORS. … RESPONDENTS

J U D G M E N T
Sudhansu Jyoti Mukhopadhaya, J.

Leave granted.

2. This appeal has been directed against the judgment dated 18th
September, 2012 passed by the High Court of Calcutta, Circuit Bench at Port
Blair. By the impugned judgment, the Division Bench of the Calcutta High
Court allowed the writ petition and set aside the judgment and order dated
30th April, 2012 passed by the Central Administrative Tribunal Calcutta,
Circuit Bench at Port Blair (hereinafter referred to as, ‘the Tribunal’).
3. The only question which requires to be determined in this appeal
is whether a woman employee of the Central Government can ask for
uninterrupted 730 days of Child Care Leave (hereinafter referred to as, –
‘the CCL’) under Rule 43-C of the Central Civil Services (Leave) Rules,
1972 (hereinafter referred to as, ‘the Rules’).
4. The appellant initially applied for CCL for six months commencing
from 5th July, 2011 by her letter dated 16th May, 2011 to take care of her
son who was in 10th standard. In her application, she intimated that she
is the only person to look after her minor son and her mother is a heart
patient and has not recovered from the shock due to the sudden demise of
her father; her father-in-law is almost bed ridden and in such
circumstances, she was not in a position to perform her duties effectively.
While her application was pending, she was transferred to Campbell Bay in
Nicobar District (Andaman and Nicobar) where she joined on 06th July, 2011.
By her subsequent letter dated 14th February, 2012 she requested the
competent authority to allow her to avail CCL for two years commencing from
21st May, 2012. However, the authorities allowed only 45 days of CCL by
their Office Order No. 254 dated 16th March, 2012.
5. Aggrieved appellant then moved before the Tribunal in O.A.
No.47/A&N/2012 which allowed the application by order dated 30th April,
2012 with following observation:-
“12. Thus O.A. is allowed. Respondents are accordingly directed to
act strictly in accordance with DOPT O.M. dated 11.9.2008 as
amended/clarified on 29.9.2008 and 18.11.2008, granting her CCL for
the due period. No costs.”

 

6. The order passed by the Tribunal was challenged by respondents
before the Calcutta High Court which by impugned judgment and order dated
18th September, 2012 while observing that leave cannot be claimed as a
right, held as follows:

“It is evident from the provisions of sub r.(3) of r.43-C of the
rules that CCL can be granted only according to the conditions
mentioned in the sub-rule, and that one of the conditions is that CCL
shall not be granted for more than three spells in a calendar year.
It means that CCL is not to be granted for a continuous period, but
only in spells.
From the provisions of sub r.(3) of r.43-C of the rules it is also
evident that a spell of CCL can be for as less as 16 days. This means
that in a given case a person, though eligible to take CCL for a
maximum period of 730 days, can be granted CCL in three spells in a
calendar year for as less as 48 days.”

The High Court further observed:
“Whether an eligible person should be granted CCL at all,
and, if so, for what period, are questions to be decided by the
competent authority; for the person is to work in the interest of
public service, and ignoring public service exigencies that must
prevail over private exigencies no leave can be granted.”

7. Learned counsel for the appellant submitted that there is no bar
to grant uninterrupted 730 days of CCL under Rule 43-C. The High Court was
not justified in holding that CCL can be granted in three spells in a
calendar year as less as 48 days at a time. It was also contended that the
respondents failed to record ground to deny uninterrupted CCL to appellant
for the rest of the period.

8. Per contra, according to respondents, Rule 43-C does not permit
uninterrupted CCL for 730 days as held by the High Court.
9. Before we proceed to discuss the merits or otherwise of the above
contentions, it will be necessary for us to refer the relevant Rule and the
guidelines issued by the Government of India from time to time.
10. The Government of India from its Department of Personnel and
Training vide O.M. No. 13018/2/2008-Estt. (L) dated 11th September, 2008
intimated that CCL can be granted for maximum period of 730 days during the
entire service period to a woman government employee for taking care of up
to two children, relevant portion of which reads as follows:
“(1) Child Care Leave for 730 days.
***
Women employees having minor children may be granted Child Care
Leave by an authority competent to grant leave, for a maximum period
of two years (i.e. 730 days) during their entire service for taking
care of up to two children, whether for rearing or to look after any
of their needs like examination, sickness, etc. Child Care Leave shall
not be admissible if the child is eighteen years of age or older.
During the period of such leave, the women employees shall be paid
leave salary equal to the pay drawn immediately before proceeding on
leave. It may be availed of in more than one spell. Child Care Leave
shall not be debited against the leave account. Child Care Leave may
also be allowed for the third year as leave not due (without
production of medical certificate). It may be combined with leave of
the kind due and admissible.”
11. It was followed by Circular issued by Government of India from its
Personnel and Training Department vide O.M. No. 13018/2/2008- Estt. (L),
dated 29th September, 2008 by which it was clarified that
CCL

would be also admissible to a woman government employee to look after
third child below 18 years of age, which is as follows:

 

“(2) Clarifications:-

The question as to whether child care leave would be admissible
for the third child below the age of 18 years and the procedure
for grant of child care leave have been under consideration in
this Department, and it has now been decided as follows:-

i) Child Care Leave shall be admissible for two eldest
surviving children only.

ii) The leave account for child care leave shall be maintained
in the pro forma enclosed, and it shall be kept along with the
Service Book of the Government Servant concerned.”

 

12. Rule 43-C was subsequently inserted by Government of India,
Department of Personnel and Training, Notification No. F.No. 11012/1/2009-
Estt. (L) dated 1st December, 2009, published in G.S.R. No. 170 in the
Gazette of India dated 5th December, 2009 giving effect from 1st September,
2008 as quoted below:-

 

“43-C. Child Care Leave

1) A women Government servant having minor children below the age
of eighteen years and who has no earned leave at her credit,
may be granted child care leave by an authority competent to
grant leave, for a maximum period of two years, i.e. 730 days
during the entire service for taking care of up to two
children, whether for rearing or to look after any of their
needs like examination, sickness, etc.

2) During the period of child care leave, she shall be paid leave
salary equal to the pay drawn immediately before proceeding on
leave.

3) Child care leave may be combined with leave of any other kind.

 
4) Notwithstanding the requirement of production of medical
certificate contained in sub-rule (1) of Rule 30 or sub-rule
(1) of Rule 31, leave of the kind due and admissible (including
commuted leave not exceeding 60 days and leave not due) up to a
maximum of one year, if applied for, be granted in continuation
with child care leave granted under sub-rule (1).

5) Child care leave may be availed of in more than one spell.

6) Child care leave shall not be debited against the leave
account.”

13. On perusal of circulars and Rule 43-C, it is apparent that a woman
government employee having minor children below 18 years can avail CCL for
maximum period of 730 days i.e. during the entire service period for taking
care of upto two children. The care of children is not for rearing the
smaller child but also to look after any of their needs like examination,
sickness etc. Sub Rule (3) of Rule 43-C allows woman government employee
to combine CCL with leave of any other kind. Under Sub Rule (4) of Rule 43-
C leave of the kind due and admissible to woman government employee
including commuted leave not exceeding 60 days; leave not due up to a
maximum of one year, can be applied for and granted in continuation with
CCL granted under Sub Rule (1). From plain reading of Sub Rules (3) and
(4) of Rule 43-C it is clear that CCL even beyond 730 days can be granted
by combining other leave if due. The finding of the High Court is based
neither on Rule 43-C nor on guidelines issued by the Central Government.
The Tribunal was correct in directing the respondents to act strictly in
accordance with the guidelines issued by the Government of India and Rule
43-C.

14. In the present case, the appellant claimed for 730 days of CCL at
a stretch to ensure success of her son in the forthcoming secondary/senior
examinations (10th/11th standard). It is not in dispute that son was minor
below 18 years of age when she applied for CCL. This is apparent from the
fact that the competent authority allowed 45 days of CCL in favour of the
appellant. However, no reason has been shown by the competent authority
for disallowing rest of the period of leave.

15. Leave cannot be claimed as of right as per Rule 7, which reads as
follows:

“7. Right to leave

(1) Leave cannot be claimed as of right.

(2) When the exigencies of public service so require, leave of
any kind may be refused or revoked by the authority competent
to grant it, but it shall not be open to that authority to
alter the kind of leave due and applied for except at the
written request of the Government servant.”

However, under Sub-Rule (2) of Rule 7 leave can be refused or
revoked by the competent authority in the case of exigencies of public
service.

16. In fact, Government of India from its Ministry of Home Affairs and
Department of Personnel and Training all the time encourage the government
employees to take leave regularly, preferably annually by its Circular
issued by the Government of India M.H.A.O.M. No. 6/51/60-Ests. (A),
dated 25th January, 1961, reiterated vide Government of

India letter dated 22/27th March, 2001. As per those circulars where all
applications for leave cannot, in the interest of public service, be
granted at the same time, the leave sanctioning authority may draw up
phased programme for the grant of leave to the applicants by turn with due
regard to the principles enunciated under the aforesaid circulars.

17. In the present case the respondents have not shown any reason to
refuse 730 days continuous leave. The grounds taken by them and as held by
High Court cannot be accepted for the reasons mentioned above.

18. For the reasons aforesaid, we set aside the impugned judgment
dated 18th September, 2012 passed by the Division Bench of Calcutta High
Court, Circuit Bench at Port Blair and affirm the judgment and order dated
30th April, 2012 passed by the Tribunal with a direction to the respondents
to comply with the directions issued by the Tribunal within three months
from the date of receipt/production of this judgment.

19. The appeal is allowed with aforesaid directions. No costs.

 

………………………………………………….J.
(SUDHANSU JYOTI MUKHOPADHAYA)

 
……………………………………………….J.
(V. GOPALA GOWDA)
NEW DELHI,
APRIL 15, 2014.

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