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Sec. 307 – reduced to Sec. 326 – further sec. 324 I.P.C. = Whether the culpability of the accused would fall under Section 324 or Sec. 326 of the IPC would depend on as to whether the injuries suffered by the victim amount to ‘simple hurt’ or ‘grievous hurt’ as defined by the relevant provision of the Penal Code – Apex court dismissed the appeal = PRITAM CHAUHAN … APPELLANT (S) VERSUS STATE (GOVT. OF NCT DELHI) … RESPONDENT (S) =2014 – July. Part -http://judis.nic.in/supremecourt/filename=41710

  Sec. 307 – reduced to Sec. 326 – further sec. 324 I.P.C. = Whether the culpability of the accused would fall  under  Section  324 or Sec. 326 of the IPC would depend on as to whether  the  injuries  suffered  by the victim amount to ‘simple hurt’ or ‘grievous  hurt’  as  defined  by  the

relevant provision of the Penal Code – Apex court dismissed the appeal = 


307 I.P.C =  In appeal, the High Court  of  Delhi  had  altered  the  conviction  of  the

appellant to one under Section 326 IPC with  consequential  modification  of

the sentence to rigorous imprisonment for a period of two years.   The  High

Court, further directed the appellant to  pay  a  sum  of  Rs.  50,000/-  as

compensation to the victim, Sunder Singh, under the  provisions  of  Section

357  of  the  Code  of  Criminal  Procedure.    =

 

Whether the culpability of the accused would fall  under  Section  324

or 326 of the IPC would depend on as to whether  the  injuries  suffered  by

the victim amount to ‘simple hurt’ or ‘grievous  hurt’  as  defined  by  the

relevant provision of the Penal Code.  The  evidence  of  PW-2,  Dr.  Naresh

Chander Gaur, the Orthopaedic Surgeon who examined the victim on the day  of

the incident indicates that the victim had suffered two wounds at  the  back

of his left forearm 9 x 5 cm. over the middle 1/3rd and 6  x  4  cm.  distal

1/3rd left forearm with deep extensive damage to most  of  muscles  and  the

back of left forearm.  Apart from the above, there was another wound 4  x  1

cm. on the palm of the  right  hand.   According  to  PW-2  the  victim  had

undergone surgery on 19.5.1999 in the course of which both  wounds  on  left

forearm were explored and all the muscles were found  to  be  damaged  which

were repaired.  Furthermore, according to PW-2  the  digital  nerve  of  the

right index finger was cut which was also repaired.  PW-2  has  specifically

stated that the above injuries are grievous in nature and were  caused by  a

sharp edged weapon (knife) which fact is borne out  from  the  testimony  of

the victim himself, examined as PW-3, duly corroborated by the  eyewitnesses

PW-4 Babli and PW-5 Umesh.  Over and above, there is the evidence  of  PW-1,

     

Dr. Sudha Kanojia, who had first examined the victim Sunder  Singh,  to

the effect that the  injuries  sustained  by  the  victim  were  not  simple

injuries.  In view of the above evidence on record it is difficult  to  hold

that the injuries sustained by the victim due to the  assault  committed  by

the accused does not fall under 8th clause of Section 320 IPC, which,  inter

alia, defines ‘grievous hurt’ as “any hurt which  endangers  life  or  which

causes the sufferer to be during the space of twenty days in  severe  bodily

pain, or unable to follow his ordinary pursuits”.   The  conviction  of  the

appellant  under  Section  326  IPC,  therefore,  will   not   require   any

correction. =

The  doctrine  of

proportionality has to be invoked in the context of the facts in  which  the

crime had been committed, the antecedents of the accused,  the  age  of  the

accused and such other relevant factors.  In the present  case,  considering

that the accused-appellant had gone to his  house  to  fetch  a  knife  and,

thereafter, had given repeated blows to the  victim  resulting  in  multiple

grievous injuries, we are of  the  view  that  the  sentence  of  two  years

rigorous imprisonment  is  just  and  adequate  and  will  not  require  any

modification.  The submission of the learned counsel for the appellant  that

the appellant is willing to pay higher compensation under  Section  357  IPC

also cannot be accepted inasmuch as the provisions of  Section  357  operate

independently of the specific penal provisions of the Code under  which  the

court is required to sentence an offender.


8.    In view of the foregoing discussion, we do not find any merit in  this

appeal.  It is accordingly dismissed.  

 

2014 – July. Part -http://judis.nic.in/supremecourt/filename=41710

NON-REPORTABLE

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION
CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 1272 OF 2014
(Arising out of Special Leave Petition (Crl) No. 9353 OF 2013)
PRITAM CHAUHAN … APPELLANT (S)

VERSUS

STATE (GOVT. OF NCT DELHI) … RESPONDENT (S)

 
J U D G M E N T
RANJAN GOGOI, J.

1. Leave granted.

2. The appellant had been convicted under Section 307 IPC by the learned
Additional Sessions Judge, New Delhi in Sessions Case No.28/2000 and
sentenced to undergo rigorous imprisonment for three years alongwith fine.
In appeal, the High Court of Delhi had altered the conviction of the
appellant to one under Section 326 IPC with consequential modification of
the sentence to rigorous imprisonment for a period of two years. The High
Court, further directed the appellant to pay a sum of Rs. 50,000/- as
compensation to the victim, Sunder Singh, under the provisions of Section
357 of the Code of Criminal Procedure. Aggrieved by the aforesaid
conviction and the sentence imposed, the appellant has filed the present
appeal.

3. We have heard Mr. Mohd. Hanif Rashid, learned counsel for the
appellant and Mr. Mohan Jain, learned Addl. Solicitor General for the
State.

4. The culpability of the appellant for the criminal acts attributed to
him need not be gone into in the present appeal inasmuch as the arguments
on behalf of the appellant had centred around the quantum of sentence to be
imposed and, in fact, the notice issued by this Court on 06.12.2013 was on
the limited point of sentence.
5. Notwithstanding the limited notice issued i.e. on the question of
sentence which would have required the Court to proceed on the basis that
the conviction of the appellant under Section 326 IPC need not be
disturbed, we have considered the arguments made on behalf of the appellant
on the question as to whether the facts of the case required alteration of
the conviction of the appellant to one under Section 324 IPC as the issue
of a lesser sentence was sought to be canvassed on that basis also.

6. Whether the culpability of the accused would fall under Section 324
or 326 of the IPC would depend on as to whether the injuries suffered by
the victim amount to ‘simple hurt’ or ‘grievous hurt’ as defined by the
relevant provision of the Penal Code. The evidence of PW-2, Dr. Naresh
Chander Gaur, the Orthopaedic Surgeon who examined the victim on the day of
the incident indicates that the victim had suffered two wounds at the back
of his left forearm 9 x 5 cm. over the middle 1/3rd and 6 x 4 cm. distal
1/3rd left forearm with deep extensive damage to most of muscles and the
back of left forearm. Apart from the above, there was another wound 4 x 1
cm. on the palm of the right hand. According to PW-2 the victim had
undergone surgery on 19.5.1999 in the course of which both wounds on left
forearm were explored and all the muscles were found to be damaged which
were repaired. Furthermore, according to PW-2 the digital nerve of the
right index finger was cut which was also repaired. PW-2 has specifically
stated that the above injuries are grievous in nature and were caused by a
sharp edged weapon (knife) which fact is borne out from the testimony of
the victim himself, examined as PW-3, duly corroborated by the eyewitnesses
PW-4 Babli and PW-5 Umesh. Over and above, there is the evidence of PW-1,
Dr. Sudha Kanojia, who had first examined the victim Sunder Singh, to
the effect that the injuries sustained by the victim were not simple
injuries. In view of the above evidence on record it is difficult to hold
that the injuries sustained by the victim due to the assault committed by
the accused does not fall under 8th clause of Section 320 IPC, which, inter
alia, defines ‘grievous hurt’ as “any hurt which endangers life or which
causes the sufferer to be during the space of twenty days in severe bodily
pain, or unable to follow his ordinary pursuits”. The conviction of the
appellant under Section 326 IPC, therefore, will not require any
correction.

7. The punishment contemplated under Section 326 IPC is imprisonment for
life or with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend
to ten years, along with fine. In a recent pronouncement of this Court in
Gopal Singh vs. State of Uttarakhand[1] it has been held that the
“principle of just punishment” is the bedrock of sentencing in respect of a
criminal offence. The wide discretion that is vested in the Courts in
matters of sentencing must be exercised on rational parameters in the light
of the totality of the facts of any given case. The doctrine of
proportionality has to be invoked in the context of the facts in which the
crime had been committed, the antecedents of the accused, the age of the
accused and such other relevant factors. In the present case, considering
that the accused-appellant had gone to his house to fetch a knife and,
thereafter, had given repeated blows to the victim resulting in multiple
grievous injuries, we are of the view that the sentence of two years
rigorous imprisonment is just and adequate and will not require any
modification. The submission of the learned counsel for the appellant that
the appellant is willing to pay higher compensation under Section 357 IPC
also cannot be accepted inasmuch as the provisions of Section 357 operate
independently of the specific penal provisions of the Code under which the
court is required to sentence an offender.

8. In view of the foregoing discussion, we do not find any merit in this
appeal. It is accordingly dismissed. The accused shall serve out the
remaining part of the sentence imposed by the High Court and affirmed by
the present order.

……..…………………..………………………J.
[SUDHANSU JYOTI MUKHOPADHAYA]

 
……..…………………..………………………J.
[RANJAN GOGOI]
NEW DELHI,
JULY 1, 2014.
———————–
[1] (2013) 7 SCC 545

 

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