//
you're reading...
legal issues

Service matter – Regularization of service of GDMOs Grade -II – whether from the date of their adhoc appointment or from the date of approval of UPSC – High court order to regularize from the date of RECOMENDATIONS of UPSC – Apex court held that in Dr. Anuradha Bodi (supra) may be conveniently noticed at this stage. “12. If the facts of these two cases are analysed in the light of the aforesaid decisions, there can be no doubt whatever that the petitioners fall within the corollary in Conclusion (A).The orders of appointment issued to the petitioners are very specific in their terms. Though the recruitment rules came into force on 6-8-1982, the appointments were not made in accordance therewith. They were ad hoc and made as a stopgap arrangement. The orders themselves indicated that for the purpose of regular appointment the petitioners were bound to pass the UPSC examination in the normal course [pic]in the direct competition. Hence the petitioners will not fall under the main part of Conclusion (A) or Conclusion (B) as contended by the learned counsel for the petitioners If the GDMOs appointed in Phase-II are similarly circumstanced as Dr. Anuradha Bodi and others, we fail to see how their claim to regularization with effect from the date of their initial appointments can be countenanced except perhaps if we take a view contrary to that has been recorded in Dr. Anuradha Bodi (supra).Accordingly, we do not find any merit or substance in the appeals under consideration. They are, therefore, dismissed but without any order as to costs.= CIVIL APPEAL NOS. 8414-8415 OF 2014 (Arising out of SLP (C) Nos. 31023-31024 of 2011) VIRESHWAR SINGH & ORS. … APPELLANT (S) VERSUS MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF DELHI & ORS. … RESPONDENT (S) = 2014 Sep. Month – http://judis.nic.in/supremecourt/filename=41864

Service matter – Regularization of service of GDMOs Grade -II – whether from the date of their adhoc appointment or from the date of approval of UPSC – High court order to regularize from the date of RECOMENDATIONS of UPSC – Apex court held that  in  Dr. Anuradha Bodi (supra) may be conveniently noticed at this stage. “12. If the facts of these two cases  are  analysed  in  the  light  of  the aforesaid decisions, there can be no doubt  whatever  that  the  petitioners

fall within the corollary in  Conclusion  (A).The  orders  of  appointment issued to the petitioners are very  specific  in  their  terms.  Though  the recruitment rules came into force on 6-8-1982,  the  appointments  were  not made in accordance therewith. They  were  ad  hoc  and  made  as  a  stopgap arrangement. The  orders  themselves  indicated  that  for  the  purpose  of regular appointment the petitioners were bound to pass the UPSC  examination in the normal course [pic]in the direct competition. Hence  the  petitioners will not fall under the main part of Conclusion (A)  or  Conclusion  (B)  as contended by the learned counsel for the petitioners If the GDMOs appointed in Phase-II are similarly circumstanced as  Dr. Anuradha Bodi and others, we fail to see how their claim  to  regularization with effect from the date of their initial appointments can be  countenanced except perhaps if we take a view contrary to that has been recorded  in  Dr. Anuradha Bodi (supra).Accordingly,  we  do  not find any merit or substance in the appeals under consideration.   They  are, therefore, dismissed but without any order as to costs.=

 

The appellants are General Duty Medical Officers (GDMO)  Grade-II  who

were appointed on ad hoc basis between 1986 and 1989.

They  are  aggrieved

by the denial of their claim to regularization with effect  from  the  dates

of their initial appointments.

Regularization granted from the date of  the

recommendations of the Union Public Service commission (for  short  ‘UPSC’),

namely, 24.07.1998 as approved by the High Court of Delhi by  means  of  the

impugned order dated  05.07.2011  has  been  called  into  question  in  the

present appeal.=

An elaborate recital of the facts had  been  considered  necessary  to

trace out the core issue in the case.

Both sets of GDMOs  i.e.  in  Phase-I

and Phase-II were not appointed on the basis of  a  selection  held  by  the

UPSC as mandated by the  Regulations  in  force.

Their  appointments  were

recommended  by  a  Specially  Constituted   Selection   Committee.

Their

appointments were ad hoc; initially for a period of  six  months  which  was

subsequently extended from time to  time.

Being  similarly  circumstanced,

undoubtedly, both sets of GDMOs will have to be treated equally  and  evenly

for the purpose of regularization.

In  Dr.  Anuradha  Bodi  (supra)  after

noticing  the precise  terms  of  appointment  of  the  Phase-I  GDMOs,  the

entitlement of the said GDMOs (Phase-I) to regularization with  effect  from

the date of their initial appointments was considered by this Court  in  the

light of the decision of the Constitution Bench in Direct Recruit  Class  II

Engineering Officers’ Association  Vs. State of Maharashtra  and  Others[2],

particularly, in the backdrop of the two propositions (A) and  (B)  set  out

in paragraph 47 of the Report.

A subsequent judgment  of  a  three  Judges

Bench in State of West Bengal and Others  Vs. Aghore Nath Dey and  Others[3]

throwing further light and clarity on the contents of propositions  (A)  and

(B) laid down in Direct Recruit Class II  (supra) had also  been  considered

to come to the conclusion that the cases of  doctors  appointed  on  ad  hoc

basis in Phase-I fall within the  corollary  to  conclusion  (A)  of  Direct

Recruit (supra) and therefore they  are  not  entitled  to  the  benefit  of

service rendered on ad hoc  basis.  

Paragraph  12  of  the  report  in  Dr.

Anuradha Bodi (supra) may be conveniently noticed at this stage.

“12. If the facts of these two cases  are  analysed  in  the  light  of  the

aforesaid decisions, there can be no doubt  whatever  that  the  petitioners

fall within the corollary in  Conclusion  (A).  The  orders  of  appointment

issued to the petitioners are very  specific  in  their  terms.  Though  the

recruitment rules came into force on 6-8-1982,  the  appointments  were  not

made in accordance therewith. They  were  ad  hoc  and  made  as  a  stopgap

arrangement. The  orders  themselves  indicated  that  for  the  purpose  of

regular appointment the petitioners were bound to pass the UPSC  examination

in the normal course [pic]in the direct competition. Hence  the  petitioners

will not fall under the main part of Conclusion (A)  or  Conclusion  (B)  as

contended by the learned counsel for the petitioners.”

14.   If the GDMOs appointed in Phase-II are similarly circumstanced as  Dr.

Anuradha Bodi and others, we fail to see how their claim  to  regularization

with effect from the date of their initial appointments can be  countenanced

except perhaps if we take a view contrary to that has been recorded  in  Dr.

Anuradha Bodi (supra).

15.   Learned counsel for  the  appellants  has  tried  to  persuade  us  to

charter the aforesaid course by placing reliance on two  decisions  of  this

Court in Narender Chadha and Others  Vs. Union of India  and  Others[4]  and

Keshav Chandra Joshi and Others Vs. Union of India  and  Others[5]    It  is

contended that the denial of benefit of long years of  ad  hoc  service,  in

view of the ratio of the law laid  down  in  the  aforesaid  two  decisions,

would be contrary to Articles 14 and 16 of the Constitution.

16.    It is the view expressed  in  Narender  Chadha  (supra)  which  would

require a close look as Keshav Chandra Joshi (supra) is a  mere  reiteration

of the said view.  In Narender Chadha (supra) the lis  between  the  parties

was one relating to counting of ad hoc service  rendered  by  the  promotees

for the purpose of computation of seniority qua the  direct  recruits.   The

basis of the decision to count long years of ad hoc service for the  purpose

of seniority is to be found more in the peculiar facts of the case as  noted

in para  20  of  the  report  than  on  any  principle  of  law  of  general

application.   However,  in  paragraphs  15-19  of  the  report   a   deemed

relaxation of the Rules of appointment and the wide sweep of  the  power  to

relax the provisions of the Rules, as it existed at the  relevant  point  of

time, appears to be the basis for counting of the ad  hoc  service  for  the

purpose of seniority.

17.   The principle laid down in Narender Chadha  (supra)  was  approved  by

the Constitution Bench in Direct Recruit Class II  (supra) as the  promotion

of the officers on ad hoc  basis was found  to  be  “without  following  the

procedure laid down under the Rules.”  That apart, what was approved in  the

Direct Recruit Class II  (supra) is in the following terms.

“We, therefore, confirm the principle  of  counting  towards  seniority  the

period  of  continuous  officiation  following  an   appointment   made   in

accordance with the rules prescribed for  regular  substantive  appointments

in the service.” {Para 13}

18.   In State of West Bengal and Others Vs.  Aghore  Nath  Dey  and  Others

(supra) a three Judges Bench of this Court has held that in view of the  lis

involved in Narender Chadha  (supra)  i.e.  inter  se  seniority  of  direct

recruits and promotees, the said decision cannot be applied to  cases  where

the initial appointment was not according to the Rules.  Paras 19 and 20  of

the decision in State of West Bengal  (supra)   may  be  usefully  extracted

hereinbelow.

“19. The constitution bench in Maharashtra  Engineers  case,  while  dealing

with Narender Chadha emphasised the  unusual  fact  that  the  promotees  in

question had worked continuously for  long  periods  of  nearly  fifteen  to

twenty years on the posts without being  reverted,  and  then  proceeded  to

state the principle thus: (SCC p. 726, para 13)

[pic]“We, therefore, confirm the principle  of  counting  towards  seniority

the period of  continuous  officiation  following  an  appointment  made  in

accordance with the rules prescribed for  regular  substantive  appointments

in the service.”

20. The constitution  bench  having  dealt  with  Narender  Chadha  in  this

manner, to indicate the above principle, that decision cannot  be  construed

to apply to cases  where  the  initial  appointment  was  not  according  to

rules.”

19.   All the aforesaid discussion would lead us to the conclusion that  any

departure from the views expressed and conclusions reached in  Dr.  Anuradha

Bodi (supra) will not be necessary or justified.   Accordingly,  we  do  not

find any merit or substance in the appeals under consideration.   They  are,

therefore, dismissed but without any order as to costs.

 

2014 Sep. Month – http://judis.nic.in/supremecourt/filename=41864

REPORTABLE

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION
CIVIL APPEAL NOS. 8414-8415 OF 2014
(Arising out of SLP (C) Nos. 31023-31024 of 2011)
VIRESHWAR SINGH & ORS. … APPELLANT (S)

VERSUS

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF
DELHI & ORS. … RESPONDENT (S)

J U D G M E N T

RANJAN GOGOI, J.

1. Leave granted.

2. The appellants are General Duty Medical Officers (GDMO) Grade-II who
were appointed on ad hoc basis between 1986 and 1989. They are aggrieved
by the denial of their claim to regularization with effect from the dates
of their initial appointments. Regularization granted from the date of the
recommendations of the Union Public Service commission (for short ‘UPSC’),
namely, 24.07.1998 as approved by the High Court of Delhi by means of the
impugned order dated 05.07.2011 has been called into question in the
present appeal.

3. The relevant facts are as follows.

The post of GDMO Grade-II is a Group ‘A’ post governed by the Delhi
Municipal Corporation Health Service Recruitment Regulations, 1982
(hereinafter referred to as ‘the Regulations’). Under the said Regulations
appointment in the post of GDMO Grade-II is required to be made through the
UPSC. Between 1982 and 1986 (for convenience may be referred to as the
Phase-I) 82 GDMOs were appointed on ad hoc basis for an initial term of six
months which was subsequently extended from time to time. In what may be
again conveniently referred to as the Phase-II, between 1986-1989, another
69 number of GDMOs were appointed on ad hoc basis on terms similar to the
appointments made in Phase-I. Both sets of appointments were not through
the UPSC but were made on the basis of a selection held by a Specially
Constituted Selection Committee.

4. The cases of the GDMOs appointed on ad hoc basis in Phase-I were
referred to the UPSC for its recommendations for the purpose of
regularization. The UPSC approved 63 cases while holding 10 candidates to
be unfit for regularization. The recommendations of the UPSC were
communicated to the Municipal Corporation of Delhi on 27.06.1991.
Accordingly, by order dated 17.08.1992 the Municipal Corporation
regularized the services of the 63 GDMOs recommended by the UPSC with
effect from the date of recommendation i.e. 27.06.1991. Aggrieved by their
regularization with effect from the date of the recommendation of the UPSC,
the GDMOs appointed in the Phase-I approached this Court under Article 32
of the Constitution claiming regularization from the date of their initial
appointments.

5. While the aforesaid writ petition was pending, the Municipal
Corporation of Delhi sent the cases of the GDMOs appointed in Phase-II to
the UPSC for its recommendations for regularization of the incumbents. The
UPSC refused to consider any of the cases on the ground that the 10 GDMOs
appointed in Phase-I, who were found by it to be unfit, had not been
dismissed from service. This had led the GDMOs appointed in Phase-II to
file a writ petition (Writ Petition (C) No. 1550/1996) before the Delhi
High Court.

6. The writ petition filed by the Phase-I GDMOs before this Court under
Article 32 was decided on 8.5.1998 holding that their regularization with
effect from the date of recommendation of the UPSC was validly made and
they were not entitled to such regularization from the dates of their
initial appointments. The judgment of this Court is reported as Dr.
Anuradha Bodi and Others Vs. Municipal Corporation of Delhi And Others[1]
and will be specifically referred to at a later stage of the present order.

7. Six days after the judgment was rendered by this Court in Dr.
Anuradha Bodi (supra) the Delhi High Court on 14.05.1998 allowed the writ
petition (Writ Petition (C) No. 1550/1996) filed by Phase-II GDMOs by
directing the UPSC to consider their cases for regularization from the
dates of their initial appointments. In compliance of the aforesaid order
of the Delhi High Court, the UPSC recommended regularization of the said
GDMOs from the dates of their initial appointments by its communication
dated 24.07.1998.

8. There being an apparent conflict with regard to regularization of the
GDMOs appointed in Phase-I and Phase-II, though made in identical
circumstances and on the same terms, the Municipal Corporation of Delhi by
its Resolution dated 17.01.2000 decided to regularize the services of both
sets of GDMOs with effect from the date of their initial appointments. On
the basis of the said Resolution dated 17.01.2000 a formal Order dated
16.08.2000 was passed to the said effect.

9. The Resolution dated 17.01.2000 and the formal Order dated 16.08.2000
came to be challenged by the regularly appointed GDMOs before the Delhi
High Court. The writ petition filed was, however, withdrawn and instead
the order dated 14.05.1998 passed by the Delhi High Court in Writ Petition
(C) No. 1550/1996, which has led to the alleged Resolution dated 17.01.2000
and the formal Order dated 16.08.2000, were challenged in a Letters Patent
Appeal by the regularly appointed GDMOs. It is at this stage that the
Municipal Corporation of Delhi issued another Order dated 15.06.2007 and a
Corrigendum dated 18.06.2007 to the effect that the regularization of both
sets of GDMOs would be effective from the date(s) of communication of the
recommendation of the UPSC. The said action of the Municipal Corporation
was challenged in a writ petition (Writ Petition (C) No. 4619/2007) before
the Delhi High Court by the present appellants.

10. The Letter Patent Appeals (LPA Nos. 708/2001 and 138/2003) filed by
the regularly appointed GDMOs against the order dated 14.05.1998 passed in
Writ Petition (C) No. 1550/1996 were disposed of by the Division Bench of
the High Court on 05.02.2008 by holding that the challenge made in the
appeals stood answered by the subsequent order of the Municipal Corporation
of Delhi dated 15.06.2007. The Division Bench also took note of the fact
that the said order dated 15.06.2007 was under challenge in Writ Petition
(C) No. 4619/2007 and directed that the views expressed in the order dated
14.05.1998 in Writ Petition (C) No. 1550/1996 would have no relevance or
bearing while deciding Writ Petition (C) No. 4619/2007.

11. Writ Petition (C) No. 4619/2007 was thereafter transferred to the
Central Administrative Tribunal and numbered as T.A. No. 398/2009. By
order dated 09.12.2010 the learned Tribunal decided the aforesaid case
(T.A. No. 398/2009) alongwith a connected matter holding that the
Resolution dated 17.01.2000 with regard to regularization of GDMOs
appointed in both phases from the dates of their initial appointments was
contrary to the decision of this Court in Dr. Anuradha Bodi (supra).
Accordingly, while the Resolution dated 17.01.2000 was quashed, the
subsequent Order of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi dated 15.06.2007 was
upheld. The aforesaid order has been confirmed by the Division Bench of
the High Court by means of the impugned order dated 05.07.2011. It is the
said order dated 05.07.2011 as well as the order dated 05.09.2011 refusing
to review the order dated 05.07.2011 that have been challenged in the
present appeals.

12. We have heard learned counsels for the parties.

13. An elaborate recital of the facts had been considered necessary to
trace out the core issue in the case. Both sets of GDMOs i.e. in Phase-I
and Phase-II were not appointed on the basis of a selection held by the
UPSC as mandated by the Regulations in force. Their appointments were
recommended by a Specially Constituted Selection Committee. Their
appointments were ad hoc; initially for a period of six months which was
subsequently extended from time to time. Being similarly circumstanced,
undoubtedly, both sets of GDMOs will have to be treated equally and evenly
for the purpose of regularization. In Dr. Anuradha Bodi (supra) after
noticing the precise terms of appointment of the Phase-I GDMOs, the
entitlement of the said GDMOs (Phase-I) to regularization with effect from
the date of their initial appointments was considered by this Court in the
light of the decision of the Constitution Bench in Direct Recruit Class II
Engineering Officers’ Association Vs. State of Maharashtra and Others[2],
particularly, in the backdrop of the two propositions (A) and (B) set out
in paragraph 47 of the Report. A subsequent judgment of a three Judges
Bench in State of West Bengal and Others Vs. Aghore Nath Dey and Others[3]
throwing further light and clarity on the contents of propositions (A) and
(B) laid down in Direct Recruit Class II (supra) had also been considered
to come to the conclusion that the cases of doctors appointed on ad hoc
basis in Phase-I fall within the corollary to conclusion (A) of Direct
Recruit (supra) and therefore they are not entitled to the benefit of
service rendered on ad hoc basis. Paragraph 12 of the report in Dr.
Anuradha Bodi (supra) may be conveniently noticed at this stage.
“12. If the facts of these two cases are analysed in the light of the
aforesaid decisions, there can be no doubt whatever that the petitioners
fall within the corollary in Conclusion (A). The orders of appointment
issued to the petitioners are very specific in their terms. Though the
recruitment rules came into force on 6-8-1982, the appointments were not
made in accordance therewith. They were ad hoc and made as a stopgap
arrangement. The orders themselves indicated that for the purpose of
regular appointment the petitioners were bound to pass the UPSC examination
in the normal course [pic]in the direct competition. Hence the petitioners
will not fall under the main part of Conclusion (A) or Conclusion (B) as
contended by the learned counsel for the petitioners.”

14. If the GDMOs appointed in Phase-II are similarly circumstanced as Dr.
Anuradha Bodi and others, we fail to see how their claim to regularization
with effect from the date of their initial appointments can be countenanced
except perhaps if we take a view contrary to that has been recorded in Dr.
Anuradha Bodi (supra).

15. Learned counsel for the appellants has tried to persuade us to
charter the aforesaid course by placing reliance on two decisions of this
Court in Narender Chadha and Others Vs. Union of India and Others[4] and
Keshav Chandra Joshi and Others Vs. Union of India and Others[5] It is
contended that the denial of benefit of long years of ad hoc service, in
view of the ratio of the law laid down in the aforesaid two decisions,
would be contrary to Articles 14 and 16 of the Constitution.

16. It is the view expressed in Narender Chadha (supra) which would
require a close look as Keshav Chandra Joshi (supra) is a mere reiteration
of the said view. In Narender Chadha (supra) the lis between the parties
was one relating to counting of ad hoc service rendered by the promotees
for the purpose of computation of seniority qua the direct recruits. The
basis of the decision to count long years of ad hoc service for the purpose
of seniority is to be found more in the peculiar facts of the case as noted
in para 20 of the report than on any principle of law of general
application. However, in paragraphs 15-19 of the report a deemed
relaxation of the Rules of appointment and the wide sweep of the power to
relax the provisions of the Rules, as it existed at the relevant point of
time, appears to be the basis for counting of the ad hoc service for the
purpose of seniority.

17. The principle laid down in Narender Chadha (supra) was approved by
the Constitution Bench in Direct Recruit Class II (supra) as the promotion
of the officers on ad hoc basis was found to be “without following the
procedure laid down under the Rules.” That apart, what was approved in the
Direct Recruit Class II (supra) is in the following terms.
“We, therefore, confirm the principle of counting towards seniority the
period of continuous officiation following an appointment made in
accordance with the rules prescribed for regular substantive appointments
in the service.” {Para 13}

18. In State of West Bengal and Others Vs. Aghore Nath Dey and Others
(supra) a three Judges Bench of this Court has held that in view of the lis
involved in Narender Chadha (supra) i.e. inter se seniority of direct
recruits and promotees, the said decision cannot be applied to cases where
the initial appointment was not according to the Rules. Paras 19 and 20 of
the decision in State of West Bengal (supra) may be usefully extracted
hereinbelow.
“19. The constitution bench in Maharashtra Engineers case, while dealing
with Narender Chadha emphasised the unusual fact that the promotees in
question had worked continuously for long periods of nearly fifteen to
twenty years on the posts without being reverted, and then proceeded to
state the principle thus: (SCC p. 726, para 13)
[pic]“We, therefore, confirm the principle of counting towards seniority
the period of continuous officiation following an appointment made in
accordance with the rules prescribed for regular substantive appointments
in the service.”

20. The constitution bench having dealt with Narender Chadha in this
manner, to indicate the above principle, that decision cannot be construed
to apply to cases where the initial appointment was not according to
rules.”

19. All the aforesaid discussion would lead us to the conclusion that any
departure from the views expressed and conclusions reached in Dr. Anuradha
Bodi (supra) will not be necessary or justified. Accordingly, we do not
find any merit or substance in the appeals under consideration. They are,
therefore, dismissed but without any order as to costs.
.…….…………………………J.
[RANJAN GOGOI]
.…….…………………………J.
[M. Y. EQBAL]
NEW DELHI,
SEPTEMBER 2, 2014.

———————–
[1] (1998) 5 SCC 293
[2] (1990) 2 SCC 715
[3] (1993) 3 SCC 371
[4] (1986) 2 SCC 157
[5] 1992 Supp (1) SCC 272

Advertisements

About advocatemmmohan

ADVOCATE

Discussion

Comments are closed.

Blog Stats

  • 1,934,856 hits

ADVOCATE MMMOHAN

archieves

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,873 other followers

Follow advocatemmmohan on WordPress.com