IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION
CIVIL APPEAL NO.474 OF 2013
Patel Jathabhai Punajbhai … Appellant(s)
North Gujarat University & Anr. … Respondents
C.A. No. 475/2013; C.A. No. 476/2013; C.A. No. 477/2013; C.A. No.
478/2013; C.A. No. 482/2013; C.A. No. 483/2013; C.A. No. 484/2013; C.A. No.
485/2013; C.A. No. 487/2013; C.A. No. 514/2013; C.A. No. 515/2013; C.A. No.
517/2013; C.A. No. 518/2013; C.A. No. 519/2013; C.A. No. 520/2013; C.A. No.
521/2013; C.A. No. 522/2013; C.A. No. 523/2013; C.A. No. 526/2013; C.A. No.
527/2013; C.A. No. 528/2013; C.A. No. 529/2013; C.A. No. 1339/2013; and
S.L.P. [C] Nos.16925-16936/2013.
J U D G M E N T
ARUN MISHRA, J.
1. The appeals arise out of the third group of matters wherein a common
judgment and order dated 7.8.2012 has been passed by the High Court of
Gujarat at Ahmedabad, determining the compensation for agricultural land at
the rate of Rs.60/- per sq.m. and for non-agricultural land at the rate of
Rs.78/- per sq.m. situated at village Samalpati and Matarwadi of Taluka
Patan acquired vide notification dated 23.5.1987 issued under Section 4 of
the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Act’) for
the purpose of campus of North Gujarat University. The modified
notification under Section 4 had been issued on 13.8.1987. The award was
passed on 21.9.1990 determining the price from Re.1/- to Rs.5/- per sq.m.
On a reference being made under section 18 of the Act, the Reference Court
determined the compensation at Rs.109.30 per sq.m. for the agricultural
land and Rs.184/- per sq.m. for non-agricultural land. On appeal, the High
Court has reduced the compensation, as aforesaid. Aggrieved thereby, the
claimants have come up in appeals before us.
2. The main question for our consideration is : what would be the
compensation to be awarded on the date of notification under section 4 of
3. It is not in dispute that around the land in question,
development has already been made. Nearby to the land in question are
colleges like Polytechnic, Arts, Science and Commerce. On the Eastern side
of the land is the State Highway Deesa-Patan-Chanasma-Viramgam and on
Southern side of the road is the road to enter Patan city. Railway station
is also nearby. On the Western side in the nearby area are bus stand, T.V.
relay centre, Telephone and telegraph head office.
4. In short, the land is surrounded by housing societies,
industrial zone, offices, college campus, roads, bus service, other
transport facilities and marketing facilities. G.I.D.C. is hardly 500
meters away from the acquired land which forms part of Municipal area,
hence, it was contended that the area is virtually a part of Patan
Municipality for all purposes. The agricultural land possesses high
potentiality to be used for residential and commerce purposes. The High
Court has found out that the area touches the extended limits of Patan
city. Reliance has been placed on Ex. D-87 and D-88, the sale-deeds of the
area at 500 metres of distance where the land was sold on 10.12.1985 at the
rate of Rs.239.20 per sq.m., after applying 10% increase on the date of
notification under Section 4, the market value of non-agricultural land
comes to Rs.275.08 per sq.m. and on the strength of sale-deed Ex. D-88, the
price would come to Rs.184.04 per sq.m. It was also submitted that the
highest consideration fetched in the exemplar sale-deed ought to have been
taken into consideration for determining the just compensation.
5. Per contra, adequate compensation has been worked out. The High
Court has rightly reduced the compensation as determined by the Reference
Court considering the fact that the land acquired was a large chunk of
6. In the instant case, the Land Acquisition Officer, Reference
Court as well as the High Court, in the peculiar facts and circumstances of
the case, have determined the compensation on the basis of price of the
land at per sq.m. The area in question is not within the municipal limits
but adjacent to the extended limits of Patan municipality. The fact that
various educational institutions, houses, railway station, bus stands and
other offices are in close vicinity and the entire land has the
potentiality like that of non-agricultural land on the date of notification
under Section 4 of the Act, is not disputed.
7. In the appeals, we are concerned with the third group of
matters. The High Court has found that comparable sale instances in the
third group of matters are in the shape of sale-deed Ex. 45, 46 and 47. The
price per square meter comes to Rs.118.34, Rs.119.47 and 104.93. The lands
which were sold were non-agricultural land. The High Court while
considering the aforesaid sale-deeds, after deducting 30% value for
determining the price of the agricultural land per sq.m. and thereafter
adding 10% from the date of sale-deed to the date of notification under
Section 4 of the Act, has arrived at a finding that the price per sq.m. for
land would come to Rs.108/-, Rs.101/- and Rs.89/- respectively, averaging
approximately Rs.100/- per sq.m. Further deduction of 10% from the value
so arrived at as land is large chunk, the price per sq.m. on strength of
said sale deeds had been arrived at Rs.97, Rs. 90 and Rs. 80 respectively.
However, considering the sale-deeds filed for the purpose of first and
fourth group of matters had averaged the price and thus it has arrived at
value of Rs.60/- for agricultural land and Rs.78/- for non-agricultural
8. In our view, we have to consider the sale instances available
for the third group of matters. In the peculiar facts and circumstances, it
would have been appropriate to deduct approximately 30% of the amount for
development etc. Further deduction for determining the valuation of the
land was not called for. In our opinion, it would be appropriate and just
to award compensation at the rate of Rs.100/- per sq.m. for entire land.
9. Reliance placed by the appellants on sale-deeds Ex. 87 and 88 is of
no avail as they are with respect to the area inside the extended limits of
the municipality. We have comparable sale deeds Ex. P45 to 47 of the area
in question itself.
10. Consequently, appeals are partly allowed, the compensation determined
by the High Court with respect to the third group of matters is modified to
the aforesaid extent.
11. Coming to S.L.P. [C] Nos.16925-36/2013, in respect of other group of
matters, admittedly no appeal or cross-objection was preferred as against
the order passed by the Reference Court to the High Court. The High Court
has, thus, rightly declined to enhance the compensation. We agree with the
reasons given by the High Court and dismiss the SLPs.
New Delhi; ………………………………J.
January 28, 2015. (Arun Mishra)