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Gobichettipalayam

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Registration Act, 1908: s.49, proviso – Unregistered sale deed is admissible in evidence in a suit for specific performance of the contract – Evidence Act, 1872 – Specific performance – Transfer of property Act, 1882. The question which arose for consideration in the present appeal was whether the courts below erred in holding that an unregistered sale deed was not admissible in evidence in a suit for specific performance of the contract. =Allowing the appeal, the Court HELD: The Trial Court erred in not admitting the unregistered sale deed in evidence in view of the proviso to Section 49 of the Registration Act, 1908 and the High Court ought to have corrected the said error by setting aside the order of the trial court. The main provision in Section 49 provides that any document which is required to be registered, if not registered, shall not affect any immovable property comprised therein nor such document shall be received as evidence of any transaction affecting such property. Proviso, however, would show that an unregistered document affecting immovable property and required by 1908 Act or the Transfer of Property Act, 1882 to be registered may be received as an evidence to the contract in a suit for specific performance or as evidence of any collateral transaction not required to be effected by registered instrument. By virtue of proviso, therefore, an unregistered sale deed of an immovable property of the value of Rs. 100/- and more could be admitted in evidence as evidence of a contract in a suit for specific performance of the contract. Such an unregistered sale deed can also be admitted in evidence as an evidence of any collateral transaction not required to be effected by registered document. When an unregistered sale deed is tendered in evidence, not as evidence of a completed sale, but as proof of an oral agreement of sale, the deed can be received in evidence making an endorsement that it is received only as evidence of an oral agreement of sale under the proviso to Section 49 of 1908 Act. By admission of an unregistered sale deed in evidence in a suit for specific performance as evidence of contract, none of the provisions of 1908 Act is affected; rather court acts in consonance with proviso appended to Section 49 of 1908 Act. [Paras 8, 11, 16] [519-C-D; 521-A-E; 525-B] K.B. Saha and Sons Private Limited v. Development Consultant Limited (2008) 8 SCC 564, relied on. Kalavakurti Venkata Subbaiah v. Bala Gurappagari Guruvi Reddy (1999) 7 SCC 114, referred to. Case Law Reference: (2008) 8 SCC 564 relied on Para 12 (1999) 7 SCC 114 referred to Para 13 CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION : Civil Appeal No. 3192 of 2010. From the Judgment & Order dated 13.11.2008 of the High Court of Judicature at Madras in C.R.P.(PD) No. 261 of 2008. K.V. Vishwanathan, B. Rajunath, Vijay Kumar for the Appellant. T.S.R. Venkatramana, G.S. Mani, R. Satish for the Respondents.

REPORTABLE IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CIVIL APPEAL NO. 3192 OF 2010 [Arising out of SLP (C) No. 1451 of 2009] S. Kaladevi …. Appellant Vs. V.R. Somasundaram & Ors. ….Respondents JUDGMENT R.M. LODHA,J. Leave granted. 2. The short question is one of admissibility of an unregistered sale deed in a … Continue reading

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